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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics, mean (SD) or %

From: Behavioral activation for smoking cessation and mood management following a cardiac event: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial

  BAT-CS (n = 28) SC (n = 31) Total (n = 59)
Demographics
 Age (years) 53.9 (11.9) 57.1 (8.3) 55.6 (10.2)
 Married or living with committed partner 53.6% 58.1% 55.9%
 Female 17.9% 35.5% 27.1%
 Race
  Non-Hispanic Caucasian 89.3% 90.3% 89.8%
  Non-Hispanic African American 3.6% 6.5% 5.1%
  Hispanic Caucasian 7.1% 0% 3.4%
  Multiracial 0% 3.2% 1.7%
 Employed (full or part-time) 67.8% 58.1% 62.7%
 Median yearly household income a $44,000 $35,500 $38,000
 Some college education 46.4% 58.1% 47.5%
Medical History
 Prior ACS event 21.4% 35.5% 28.8%
 Co-morbidities
  Heart Failure 10.7% 16.1% 13.6%
  Diabetes 25.0% 35.5% 30.5%
  COPD 25.0% 29.0% 27.1%
  Previous Stroke 3.6% 3.2% 3.4%
  Peripheral Artery Disease 17.8% 6.5% 11.9%
ACS Characteristics
 Type of index ACS event
  STEMI 42.9% 54.8% 49.2%
  NSTEMI 46.4% 35.5% 40.7%
  Unstable Angina 10.7% 9.7% 10.2%
 Intervention
  Cardiac Catheterization 100% 96.8% 98.3%
   ≥ 1 stents placed 78.6% 87.1% 83.1%
  CABG 14.3% 6.5% 10.2%
 Length of Hospital Stay (days) 3.6 (4.7) 3.6 (3.0) 3.6 (3.9)
 LVEF <55% a 46.2% 53.3% 50.0%
Baseline Smoking
 Cigarettes/day 15.8 (9.2) 16.9 (9.5) 16.4 (9.3)
 Total years smoking regularly 35.1 (13.9) 41.1 (8.8) 38.3 (11.8)
  ≥ Monthly Other tobacco use 3.6% 9.7% 6.8%
  ≥ Monthly Electronic-Cigarette use 14.3% 9.7% 11.9%
 FTND 4.7 (2.4) 4.8 (2.2) 4.8 (2.3)
Baseline Mood
 Depressive Symptoms (PHQ-9) 6.8 (5.8) 7.0 (6.5) 6.9 (6.1)
 PHQ ≥ 10 25.0% 29.0% 27.1%
 Taking Antidepressant Medication 10.7% 9.7% 10.2%
 Positive Affect (PANAS) b 13.7 (4.5) 14.6 (4.6) 14.1 (19.0)
 Negative Affect (PANAS) b 9.7 (5.1) 7.6 (3.6) 8.6 (4.5)
 Perceived Stress Scale 5.5 (3.7) 5.4 (2.8) 5.5 (3.2)
 BADS 32.7 (12.7) 35.9 (10.8) 34.4 (11.7)
  1. Note. ACS Acute Coronary Syndrome, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, STEMI ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, CABG Coronary artery bypass graft surgery, LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction, FTND Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PANAS Positive Affect Negative Affect Scales, BADS Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form
  2. a n = 56
  3. b n = 58