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Table 4 Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals of poor subjective health by lifestyle-related factors among 14,913 men and 18,437 women aged 20–64 years in Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima, 2012

From: Lifestyle-related factors that explain disaster-induced changes in socioeconomic status and poor subjective health: a cross-sectional study from the Fukushima health management survey

  Model2
Men Women
Smoking
 Never smoked 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Quit 1.04 (0.94–1.15) 1.07 (0.97–1.19)
 Current smoker 1.01 (0.92–1.12) 1.08 (0.99–1.17)
Alcohol consumption
 Less than once a month 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Quit 1.32 (1.13–1.56) 1.09 (0.92–1.29)
 At least once a month 0.87 (0.81–0.94) 1.03 (0.96–1.10)
Satisfaction of sleep
 Satisfied 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Slightly dissatisfied 2.94 (2.51–3.44) 2.67 (2.28–3.12)
 Complaint 8.26 (7.08–9.63) 7.63 (6.55–8.89)
Participatin in recreation and community activity
 Often 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 Sometimes 1.12 (0.90–1.40) 1.28 (1.01–1.63)
 Never or rarely 1.65 (1.34–2.03) 1.75 (1.39–2.20)
Regular exercise
 Almost every day 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 2–4 times /week 0.94 (0.81–1.09) 0.93 (0.81–1.07)
 ≤1 time /week 1.04 (0.92–1.18) 1.05 (0.93–1.18)
  1. aModel 2 was adjusted for age (5-year categories), history of diseases (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cancer, stroke, heart disease, chronic hepatitis, pneumoia, bone fracture, or thyroid disease), history of mental illness (yes or no), activities of daily living (go shopping for daily necessities; can do by myself or can’t do by myself), education (elementary school • junior high school, high school, or vocational college/ junior college or university • graduate school), evacuation place (Fukushima or other prefecture), smoking (never smoked, quit, or current smoker), alcohol consumption (less than once a month, quit, or at least once a month), satisfaction of sleep (satisfied, slightly dissatisfied, or complaint), participation in recreation and community activity (never or rarely, sometimes, or often), regular exercise (almost every day, 2–4 times/week, or ≤1 time /week), and disaster-induced changes in SES (unchanged or changed)