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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression models ofdepression and NS, adjusted for sociodemographic and medical illness factors

From: Noise sensitivity, rather than noise level, predicts the non-auditory effects of noise in community samples: a population-based survey

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  OR (95% CI) p-value aOR a (95% CI) p-value aOR b (95% CI) p-value
Noise-related variables       
Noise exposure (reference: Ldn < 55) 1 0.233 1 0.594 1 0.609
55 ≤ Ldn < 65 0.76 (0.49–1.18) 0.225 0.86 (0.55–1.35) 0.509 0.86 (0.55–1.36) 0.523
Ldn ≥65 0.67 (0.40–1.13) 0.135 0.78 (0.46–1.32) 0.348 0.78 (0.46–1.33) 0.357
Noise sensitivity 2.25 (1.52–3.33) <0.001 2.20 (1.47–3.27) <0.001 2.18 (1.46–3.25) <0.001
Demographic variables       
Age    1.00 (0.99–1.02) 0.681 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.884
Sex (reference: male)    1.37 (0.88–2.12) 0.161 1.35 (0.87–2.10) 0.177
Education level (reference:<12 y)    0.55 (0.34–0.89) 0.016 0.55 (0.34–0.90) 0.017
Marital status (reference: single)    1 0.616 1 0.597
married    0.80 (0.42–1.53) 0.497 0.80 (0.42–1.54) 0.514
separated/divorced/bereaved    0.99 (0.44–2.22) 0.975 1.01 (0.45–2.29) 0.977
Income (reference:<3000 USD)    0.53 (0.34–0.83) 0.005 0.54 (0.35–0.85) 0.007
Medical Illnesses       
Hypertension (reference: “no”)      1.01 (0.57–1.80) 0.968
Hyperlipidemia (reference: “no”)      1.36 (0.66–2.80) 0.399
Diabetes mellitus (reference: “no”)      1.17 (0.58–2.38) 0.66
Residence period (y) 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 0.955 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.378 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 0.343
  1. Abbreviations: aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, Ldn day-night equivalent sound level, NS noise sensitivity, OR odds ratio, USD U.S. dollars
  2. Model 1 included noise-related variables (noise exposure and NS) and residence period (OR). Model 2 included model 1 plus demographic and socioeconomic variables (aOR a). Model 3 included model 2 plus medical illnesses (aOR b). Significant values are highlighted in bold