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Table 1 Hepatitis B official vaccination schedule, year of vaccine introduction, reported three-dose series vaccination coverage, year of birth dose vaccination introduction, and reported birth dose vaccination coverage by country/territory in the Americas, 2010–2015

From: Progress in vaccination towards hepatitis B control and elimination in the Region of the Americas

  Three-dose series among infants ages <1 yeara Birth dose
Current vaccination schedule Introduction Vaccine coverage (%) Introduction Vaccine coverage (%)
(Year) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (Year/Status) 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Northern America
Bermuda 6, 7, 12 m 1997 93 90 92 91 97 85 ----g, h - - - - - -
Canada 0, 2, 6 m2or 2, 4, 6 m 1993b - 70 70 75 74f 73 1983g, 1993b - - - - - -
United Statesa 0, 1–2, 6–18 m 1991 92 91 90 91 92 92f 1991 56 60 63 65 64 64e
Mexico 0, 2, 6 m 1999 93 98 99 79 84 82 2007 84 98 94e 89 94e 98
Central America
Belize 2, 4, 6 m 1999 96 95 98 95 95 94 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Costa Rica 0, 2, 6 m 1992d, 1997 89 84 91 94 91 92 1988g, 1997 86 88e 90 90e 89 89e
El Salvador 2, 4, 6 m 1999 89 89 92 92 93 91 2015 - - - - - -
Guatemala 0, 2, 4, 6 m 2005 94 88 96 93 73 74 2010 15 30 35 37 22 32
Honduras 0, 2, 4, 6 m 2000 100e 100e 88 87 85 85 2007 99 98 98 100 100 72
Nicaragua 2, 4, 6 m 1999 100e 100e 100e 100e 100e 100e No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Panama 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1999 94 87 85 80 80 73 2002 89 93 87 79 84 85
Andean area
Bolivia 2, 4, 6 m 2000 80 82 80 81 85 89 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1992d, 1994 88 85 92 91 90 91 1994d, 2001 74 77 85 82 86 87
Ecuador 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1999 100e 100e 100e 87 83 78 2005d, 2009i 5 7 16 69 79 75
Peru 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1991c, 1996d, 2003 93 91 95 88 88 90 1996c, 2003 74 76 81 82 78 79
Venezuela 0, 2, 4, 6 m 2000 78 78 81 82 78 87 2008 73 78 67 80 82 89
Southern cone and Brazil
Argentina 0, 2, 4, 6 m 2000 94 93 91 94 94 94 2000 82 85 88 85 87 84
Brazila 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1989c; 1991d, 1998 96 98 96 100e 96 96 1998 - - - 39 88 91
Chile 2, 4, 6 m 2005 92 94 90 90 95 96 ----g - - - - - -
Paraguay 2, 4, 6 m 2002 76 76 74 73 74 80 ----g - - - - - -
Uruguay 2, 4, 6, 15 m 1999 95 95 95 95 95 95 1991g - - - - - -
Latin-Caribbean
Cuba 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1990 96 100e 100e 96 100e 100e 1992 99 99 99 100 99 99
Dominican Republic 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1994 83 80 74 80 89 81 1997 80 82 74 78 82 79
French Guiana 0, 2 11 m 1994 - - - - - - 2008 - - - - - -
Guadeloupe 2, 4, 11 m ---- - - - - - - ----g - - - - - -
Haiti 6w 10w 14w 2012 0 0 0 85 60 72 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Martinique 2, 4, 11 m ----- - - - - - - ----g - - - - - -
Puerto Ricoa 0, 1–2, 6–18 m 1994 - - - - 93 - 1999 - - - - 77 -
Non Latin-Caribbean
Anguilla 2, 4, 6 m 1997 100e 100 100e 100 100e 100e No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 2, 4, 6 m 2000 98 99 98 98 100e 100e No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aruba 1, 3, 9 m 2003 96 95f 94f 94f 93f 92 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bahamas, The 2, 4, 6 m 2001 98 95 96 97 96 95 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Barbados 2, 4, 6 m 2001 86 91 87 91 94 97 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bonaire 2 m, 14w, 5 m, 11 m 2012 - - - - - - No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0, 6w, 9 m 1997 75 75 94 86 88 87 1997j - - - - 87 85
Curaçao 2, 4, 6 m 2011 0 0 - 95 - - No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dominica 2, 4, 6 m 2006 98 98 97 97 97 98 ----g - - - - - -
Grenada 6-8w 16-20w 24-28w 2001 97 95 97 100e 97 92 ----g - - - - - -
Guyana 2, 4, 6 m 2001 95 93 97 98 98 95 ----g - - - - - -
Jamaica 6w 3 m 5–6 m 2003 94 92 96 93 92 91 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montserrat 2, 4, 6 m 1999 100e 100 94 97f 100 100 ----g - - - - - -
Saba 2, 3, 4, 11 m 2012 0 0 100 - - - ----g - - - - - -
St. Kitts & Nevis 0, 2, 4, 6 m 1999 96 98 100e 97 98 94 2015 0 0 0 0 0 100
St. Lucia 3, 5, 7 m 2002 97 100 98 100e 99 100e ----g - - - - - -
St. Vincent & Grenadines 2, 4, 6 m 2003 100e 96 96 100e 98 100e ----g - - - - - -
Sint Eustatius 2, 3, 4, 11 m 1997 - - - - - - No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sint Maarten 2, 3, 6 m 2000 90 92 91 92 95f 97 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Suriname 2, 4, 6 m 2003d; 2005 86 86 84 86 85 89 2005 0 0 51 45 64 65
Trinidad & Tobago 3, 4–5, 6 m 2003 90 90 92 92 92 90 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turks & Caicos Islands 2, 4, 6 m 1999 95 87 95 100e 91 94 ----g - - - - - -
Virgin Islands (UK) 2, 4, 6 m 1999 87 92 97 82 80 97 No 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. aVaccination coverage data for the US and Puerto Rico were obtained from the National Immunization Survey (NIS) among children aged 19–35 months [11]. Birth dose coverage data for Brazil was obtained from the National Immunization Programme, Ministry of Health
  2. bEach province in Canada decides which vaccination policy implements within the NACI recommendations (National Advisory Committee on Immunization). Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador maintain a school-based immunization programme. Currently, only New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut are administering a dose at birth
  3. cPilot studies/vaccination campaigns
  4. dYear of introduction in risk/selected areas
  5. eThe country/territory reported more than 100% coverage
  6. fLinear interpolation was used to estimate missing coverage values that two or more values from other years were available. If no coverage data were available for the last year included in this report, the estimate remained the same as the previous year [13]
  7. gOnly infants born to HBsAg positive mothers or mothers having acute hepatitis during pregnancy
  8. hHB vaccine in was routinely administered at birth in and around 1998
  9. iThe dose was given within 1 month of age until 2013. In 2016, the information systems were changed in order to recognize vaccination within 24 h
  10. jThe dose is given 48 h from birth
  11. Abbreviation: NA (non-applicable)