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Table 2 Body composition and cardiometabolic health

From: Association of nutrition club membership with markers of health: a cross sectional study

Mean ± SD Club Members Controls P-valuea
Weight (kg) 80.2 ± 17.7 77.3 ± 19.1 0.07
Height (cm) 162.8 ± 10.0 162.0 ± 9.3 0.44
BMI (kg/m2) 30.1 ± 5.1 29.3 ± 5.8 0.07
% body fatb 35.5 ± 8.7 32.8 ± 8.6 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.5 ± 9.9 77.1 ± 11.3 0.05
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127.0 ± 16.8 128.0 ± 17.5 0.60
Waist to Hip Ratio 0.87 ± 0.09 0.89 ± 0.09 0.04
Insulin (uIU/ml), serumc 7.9 (6.8, 9.1) 11.5 (9.9, 13.4) <0.001
HbA1c (%), whole bloodd 5.6 ± 0.7 6.0 ± 1.2 0.008
 % Prediabetic (5.7 < HbA1c ≤ 6.4) 21.0 (21.9%) 24.0 (25.0%) 0.73
 % Diabetic (HbA1c ≥6.4) 9.0 (9.4%) 20.0 (20.8%) 0.03
N (%) Club Members Controls p-valuee
Metabolic Syndromef,g 23 (24.2%) 36 (37.9%) 0.02
Large waist circumferencef,h 55 (57.9%) 55 (57.9%) 0.99
High fasting triglyceridesf,i 20 (21.0%) 29 (30.5%) 0.17
Low fasting HDL cholesterolf, j 28 (29.5%) 38 (40.0%) 0.16
Elevated blood pressuref,k 38 (40.0%) 45 (47.4%) 0.26
High fasting glucosef,l 22 (23.2%) 30 (31.6%) 0.20
High Cholesterolm 16 (16.7%) 11 (11.5%) 0.38
Elevated CRPn 26 (27.1%) 35 (36.5%) 0.17
  1. apaired t-test used to determine significance; 100 club members, 100 controls. Significant p-values are indicated by italicized numbers in bold
  2. b N = 93 pairs
  3. c N = 94 pairs
  4. d N = 96 pairs, Elevated HbA1c, reflecting pre-diabetes, was defined as 5.7 < HbA1c ≤ 6.4%
  5. eMcNemar’s test used for metabolic syndrome and its components, high cholesterol, elevated CRP, and elevated HbA1c; paired t test used for total metabolic health score; Significant p-values are indicated by italicized numbers in bold
  6. f N = 95 pairs;
  7. gBased on the ATP 3 guidelines of having 3 or more of the following;
  8. hwaist circumferences of >102 cm for men and >88 cm for women;
  9. ifasting plasma triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL or taking cholesterol lowering medication;
  10. jfasting HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL for men or <50 mg/dL for women, or taking cholesterol lowering medication;
  11. ksystolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg, or taking hypertension medication;
  12. lfasting plasma glucose ≥100 mg/dL or taking diabetes medication;
  13. mN = 96 pairs, High cholesterol was defined as taking lipid-lowering medication or having fasting LDL cholesterol >160 mg/dL or fasting total cholesterol of >240 mg/dL;
  14. n N = 96 pairs, Elevated CRP was defined as >3 mg/L