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Table 1 Characteristics of the 2010 and 2015 samples (%)1

From: Assessing junk food consumption among Australian children: trends and associated characteristics from a cross-sectional study

  Younger children
(years K/2/4)
Older children
(years 6/8/10)
  2010
n = 3437
2015
n = 3489
2010
n = 4128
2015
n = 3455
Sex
 Boys 51.6 48.9 52.0 50.9
 Girls 48.4 51.1 48.0 49.1
Socioeconomic tertile
 Low 29.9 20.3 28.3 31.4
 Middle 43.4 33.7 38.7 33.4
 High 26.7 46.0 33.0 35.2
Cultural background
 English-speaking 86.0 88.4 87.4 87.6
 European 0.9 1.5 1.8 1.3
 Middle Eastern 4.7 3.6 3.2 3.2
 Asian 8.4 6.5 7.6 7.8
Locality
 Urban 88.3 78.4 80.1 73.7
 Rural 11.7 21.6 19.9 26.3
Meets fruit serve recommendation
 No 29.9 22.8 4 25.0 19.2 2
 Yes 70.1 77.2 75.0 80.8
Meets vegetable serve recommendation
 No 97.3 97.4 93.4 88.9 4
 Yes 2.7 2.6 6.6 11.1
Takeaways ≥3/week
 No 99.2 98.5 3 96.8 97.6 2
 Yes 0.8 1.5 3.2 2.4
Eat breakfast daily
 No 12.6 13.0 30.5 35.7
 Yes 87.4 87.0 69.5 64.3
Eats dinner in front of the TV
 No 81.1 84.7 2 77.4 80.4
 Yes 18.9 15.3 22.6 19.6
Sweets as a reward for good behaviour
 Rarely/never 40.1 40.8 53.9 52.1
 Sometimes 49.8 52.7 39.3 42.0
 Usually 10.1 6.6 6.8 5.9
Unrestricted snacking at home
 Yes - 89.9 - 50.2
 No - 10.1 - 49.8
Soft drinks available in the home
 Rarely/never - 66.5 31.9 42.8 4
 Sometimes - 27.1 40.4 41.3
 Usually - 6.5 27.7 15.9
Has TV in the bedroom
 No 76.0 85.4 2 60.1 70.1 4
 Yes 24.0 14.6 39.9 29.9
Meets physical activity recommendation
 No - 74.6 - 87.1 4
 Yes - 25.4 - 12.9
Meet screen time recommendation (weekdays)
 No 41.7 38.0 54.7 55.7
 Yes 58.3 62.0 45.3 44.3
Meet screen time recommendation (weekend days)
 No 85.2 83.5 79.7 76.6
 Yes 14.8 16.5 20.3 23.4
  1. 1Population-weighted proportions; Differences between 2010 and 2015 prevalences 2 p < 0.05; 3 p < 0.01; 4 p < 0.001