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Table 4 Energy intake and daily nutrients intake by tertiles of the EVIDENT diet index (Men (n = 616))

From: The EVIDENT diet quality index is associated with cardiovascular risk and arterial stiffness in adults

  TERTILE 1 <50.12 TERTILE 2 (50.12 to 52.98) TERTILE 3 > 52.98  
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD p value
Energy intake(Kcal/day)a 2571.6 ± 902.6 2353.1 ± 735.0 2531.4 ± 1051.2 0.042
Carbohydrate (g/day)c 271.0 ± 119.4 249.6 ± 93.6 284.8 ± 189.5 0.046
Protein (g/day)c 103.0 ± 32.3 99.8 ± 28.7 109.3 ± 45.4 0.033
Total fat (g/day)ab 108.5 ± 41.8 92.8 ± 32.9 92.8 ± 30.3 <0.001
Saturated fat (g/day)ab 35.7 ± 13.0 28.1 ± 10.3 25.9 ± 9.3 <0.001
Fiber (g/day)abc 18.9 ± 9.1 23.1 ± 8.0 33.1 ± 28.5 <0.001
Cholesterol (g/day)ab 512.8 ± 222.4 461.2 ± 159.4 448.2 ± 177.8 0.002
Carbohydrate (%)bc 41.55 ± 7.39 42.00 ± 6.99 44.11 ± 7.32 0.001
Protein (%)ab 16.41 ± 2.90 17.35 ± 3.12 17.57 ± 2.97 <0.001
Total fat (%)abc 38.08 ± 6.11 35.61 ± 5.91 33.58 ± 6.42 <0.001
Alcohol (%) 3.96 ± 3.96 5.05 ± 5.04 4.76 ± 4.62 0.063
Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scoreabc 6.4 ± 1.7 7.8 ± 1.8 8.6 ± 1.8 <0.001
  1. Categorical variables are expressed as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± standard deviation
  2. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  3. Post hoc differences: aT1 and T2; bT1 and T3; cT2 and T3