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Table 2 Baseline characteristics by tertiles of EVIDENT index score (Men (n = 616))

From: The EVIDENT diet quality index is associated with cardiovascular risk and arterial stiffness in adults

  TERTILE 1<50.12 TERTILE 2 (50.12 to 52.98) TERTILE 3 >52.98  
Mean or N
(SD or %)
Mean or N
(SD or %)
Mean or N (SD or %) p value
Age (years) 50.4 ± 14.1 58.5 ± 13.1 60.9 ± 11.4 <0.001
Hypertension (n, %) 85 (45.9) 111 (56.9) 107 (58.5) 0.031
Diabetes (n, %) 19 (10.2) 35 (17.9) 34 (18.4) 0.051
Dyslipidemia (n, %) 61 (34.3) 92 (47.2) 107 (58.2) <0.001
Antihypertensive agents (n, %) 52 (28.0) 68 (34.7) 83 (44.9) 0.003
Antidiabetic agents (n, %) 15 (8.1) 23 (11.7) 28 (15.1) 0.105
Lipid-lowering agents (n, %) 26 (14.0) 58 (29.6) 63 (34.1) <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 129.4 ± 15.3 132.2 ± 15.0 129.9 ± 14.0 0.155
DBP (mmHg) 79.4 ± 11.1 79.3 ± 9.4 78.7 ± 9.5 0.735
Heart rate (bpm) 70.5 ± 11.7 71.3 ± 11.4 68.6 ± 12.9 0.090
Insulinemia (mg/dL) 8.81 ± 6.99 8.89 ± 5.38 7.49 ± 5.19 0.049
Glycosilated haemoglobin (%) 5.60 ± 0.83 5.74 ± 0.67 5.81 ± 0.85 0.039
Glucose (mg/dL) 94.3 ± 27.0 97.1 ± 19.3 101.0 ± 28.0 0.037
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 203.3 ± 40.7 210.2 ± 37.9 212.3 ± 38.0 0.070
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 147.0 ± 148.8 130.4 ± 84.1 142.6 ± 158.4 0.463
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 50.1 ± 12.0 51.7 ± 12.0 54.0 ± 13.1 0.012
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 131.3 (45.0) 133.1 (32.6) 134.6 (32.8) 0.701
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.9 ± 4.2 28.1 ± 3.5 27.3 ± 3.9 0.076
Obesity (n, %) 49 (26.3) 56 (28.6) 32 (17.3) 0.026
Waist circumference (cm) 98.5 ± 11.4 99.7 ± 9.4 96.8 ± 11.4 0.031
Smoking status
 Non smoker (n, %) 61 (32.8) 66 (33.7) 65 (35.1) <0.001
 Exsmoker (n, %) 63 (33.9) 96 (49.0) 94 (50.8)  
 Current smoker (n, %) 62 (33.3) 34 (17.3) 26 (14.1)  
RCV (D’Agostino) 16.3 ± 13.2 22.6 ± 15.5 23.9 ± 17.0 <0.001
PWV (m/s) (n = 263) 8.13 ± 1.95 8.99 ± 2.93 7.84 ± 2.02 0.158
  1. Categorical variables are expressed as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± standard deviation
  2. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  3. T Tertile, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, BMI Body mass index, CVR Cardiovascular risk, PWV Pulse wave velocity