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Table 3 Comparison of Government and non-Government services

From: Improving the provision of services to young people from refugee backgrounds with comorbid mental health and substance use problems: addressing the barriers

  Government Non-Government Total Χ(df), p value Effect size
Yes
n (%)
No or otherwise specified
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
No or otherwise specified
n (%)
n (%) Chi-Square (df), significance (Cramer’s V)
Does your service allow home visits? 21 (37.5%) 13 (23.2%) 19 (33.9%) 3 (5.4%) 56 (100%) 3.960 (1), p = .047* .266
Do your clients have access to accredited interpreters? 33 (58.9%) 1 (1.78%) (no/unsure) 19 (33.9%) 3 (5.4%)(no/ unsure) 56 (100%) 2.304a (1), p = .129
Fisher’s exact test (2-tailed): p = .289
.203
Is your service adequately funded to provide treatment to refugee background clients? 8 (14.3%) 26 (46.4%) 9 (16.1%) 13 (23.2%) 56 (100%) 1.908 (1), p = .167 .185
Is your service adequately resourced to provide treatment to refugee background clients? 10 (17.9%) 24 (42.9%) 9 (16.1%) 13 (23.2%) 56 (100%) .788 (1), p = .375 .119
Does your organisation collect data regarding if client is of refugee background? 5 (12.5%) 19 (47.5%)(no/ only country of birth) 8 (20%) 8 (20%) (no/ only country of birth) 40 (100%) 3.723 (1), p = .054 .305
Do your staff receive any training for working with CALD clients? 11 (27.5%) 13 (32.5%) 15 (37.5%) 1 (2.5%) 40 (100%) 9.689 (1), p = .002** .492
Do your staff receive any training for working with refugee background clients? 3 (7.5%) 21 (52.5%) 7 (17.5%) 9 (22.5%) 40 (100%) 5a (1), p = .025*
Fisher’s exact (2-tailed) = .059
.354
Does your service employ 1 or more CALD/ cultural liaison/consultation or bi-cultural workers designated to work with CALD clients? 5 (12.5%) 19 (47.5%) 14 (35%) 2 (5%) 40 (100%) 17.109 (1), p = .000** .654
In your opinion are the staff in your service adequately trained to provide treatment for refugee background clients? 0 (0%) 24 (60%) (No/There is room for improvement) 6 (15%) 10 (25%) (No/There is room for improvement) 40 (100%) 10.588a (1), p = .001**
Fisher’s exact test (2-tailed): p = .002**
.514
Do refugee clients and potential clients experience any barriers to accessing your treatment service? 17 (42.5%) 7 (17.5%) 10 (25%) 6 (15%) 40 (100%) .304 (1), p = .581 .087
  1. Fisher’s exact test is only calculated where 1 or more cells have a count less than 5
  2. *p < .05 **p < .01
  3. a1 or more cells contain a value less than 5 breaching the assumption of Chi-square test of Independence