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Table 2 Direct and indirect costs of patients with asthma during 2015 and a 95% Confidence Interval based on 1000 bootstrap samples

From: The economic burden of adult asthma in Cyprus; a prevalence-based cost of illness study

Type of Cost Units Unit Cost Mean Cost per patient (€) % 95% Confidence Interval (€)
Direct Medical
 Visits to the doctor 35 €50.00/visit 48.61 8.39% 25.00 77.49
 Ancillary Servicesa n.a n.a 49.72 8.58% 14.51 97.33
 Medicationa n.a n.a 207.97 35.88% 80.35 367.51
 Emergency Department Visits 12 €50.00/visit 16.67 2.88% 2.44 33.33
 Hospitalisations 25 €220.00/day 152.78 26.36% 98.63 214.76
Total    475.75 82.08% 296.94 697.69
Indirect
 Lost Income   €85/day 103.89 17.92% 49.59 181.46
Overall    579.64   376.90 813.68
  1. n.a not applicable
  2. aIncludes all relevant laboratory and radiology tests/drugs of various prices