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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyle behaviors variables among case and control subjects

From: Knowledge and attitudes about vitamin D, and behaviors related to vitamin D in adults with and without coronary heart disease in Saudi Arabia

Variables Cases (n = 130) Controls (n = 195)
N % N %
Age (years)
  < 49 33 25.4 59 30.3
  ≥ 49 97 74.6 136 69.7
Gender
 Male 82 63 123 63
 Female 48 37 72 37
Marital status
 Single 7 5.4 34 17.4
 Married 91 70 140 71.8
 Divorced 32 24.6 21 10.8
Citizenship
 Saudis 105 80.8 122 62.6
 Non-Saudis 25 19.2 73 37.4
Place of residence
 Rural 16 12.3 2 1
 Urban 111 85.4 192 98.5
 Semi-rural 3 2.3 1 0.5
Education
 Up to primary levels 67 51.6 28 14.4
 High School & bachelor or diploma degree 61 46.9 156 80
 Master or PhD degree 2 1.5 11 5.6
Employment
 Employed (Full time, Part time, self-employed) 42 32.3 159 81.5
 Unemployed (Student, Retired, House wife) 88 67.7 36 18.5
Family income (SR a /monthly)
  < 5000 56 43.1 74 37.9
 5000–15,000 50 38.5 94 48.2
 15,000- ≥ 25,000 24 18.5 27 13.8
Smoking
 Current <20 cigarettes/day 23 17.7 39 20
 Previous smoker 33 25.4 10 5.1
 Non-smoker 74 56.9 146 74.9
Exercise
 Never & rarely 44 33.8 84 43.1
 1–2 times/week 22 16.9 46 23.6
 More than 3–4 times/week 64 49.2 65 33.3
  1. aSaudi Riyal (1SR = .37 AUD)