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Table 1 Basic characteristics and labour market participation of the study population

From: Perceived stress among 20-21 year-olds and their future labour market participation – an eight-year follow-up study

  Women N = 944 Men N = 696 Total N = 1640 p, Gender difference
n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) or mean (SD)
LMPa 2011/2012     0.001d
 Active (%) 586 (62.1) 485 (69.7) 1071 (65.3)  
 Passive (%) 358 (37.9) 211 (30.3) 569 (34.7)  
Perceived stress     0.002d
 Low (%) 409 (43.3) 348 (50.0) 757 (46.2)  
 Medium (%) 462 (48.9) 318 (45.7) 780 (47.5)  
 High (%) 73 (7.7) 30 (4.3) 103 (6.3)  
Ethnicity     0.76d
 Danish (%) 911 (96.4) 673 (96.8) 1584 (96.6)  
 Western (%) 9 (1.0) 4 (0.6) 13 (0.8)  
 Non-Western (%) 25 (2.6) 18 (3.6) 43 (2.6)  
Household (parents’) income     0.663d
 Lowest (%) 150 (15.9) 102 (14.7) 252 (15.4)  
 Medium (%) 540 (57.2) 395 (56.7) 935 (57)  
 Highest (%) 254 (26.9) 199 (28.6) 453 (27.6)  
Secondary Education     <0.001d
 Completed (%) 743 (78.7) 464 (66.7) 1207 (73.6)  
 Not completed (%) 201 (21.3) 232 (33.3) 433 (26.4)  
LMPa in 2004     0.758d
 Active (%) 752 (79.7) 550 (79.0) 1302 (79.4)  
 Passive (%) 192 (20.3) 146 (21.0) 338  
Self-assessed socioeconomic statusb, mean (SD) 5.6 (1.6) 5.9 (1.7) 5.7 (1.7) <0.001e
Self-rated health     <0.001d
 Excellent/very good (%) 523 (55.4) 446 (64.1) 969 (59.1)  
 Good/less good/bad (%) 421 (44.6) 250 (35.9) 671 (40.9)  
Active coping strategyc, mean (SD) 2.8 (0.5) 2.9 (0.5) 2.8 (0.5) 0.064e
Avoidance coping strategyc, mean (SD) 1.6 (0.4) 1.6 (0.4) 1.6 (0.4) 0.986e
  1. SD standard deviation, a LMP labour market participation, bScale from 0 to 10;higher = better, cScale from 0 to 6;higher = more, d = Fishers’ exact test, e = Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test