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Table 2 Bivariable association between health risk behaviours and clinical factors among Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients (N = 400)

From: The association between symptoms of mental disorders and health risk behaviours in Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients: a cross-sectional study

Clinical factors Unsafe sexual practice Illicit drug use
Yes n (%) No n (%) p OR (95% CI) Yes n (%) No n (%) p OR (95% CI)
General health status
 Poor/Fair 33 (14.5) 194 (85.5) 0.600 1.17 (0.65–2.08) 11 (4.8) 216 (95.2) 0.511 0.75 (0.32–1.77)
 Very good/Good 22 (12.7) 151 (87.3)   1 11 (6.4) 162 (93.6)   1
Body Mass Index
 Under-weight 13 (10.7) 108 (89.3) 0.369 1 13 (10.7) 108 (89.3) 0.011 1
 Normal 35 (14.4) 208 (85.6)   1.40 (0.71–2.75) 9 (3.7) 234 (96.3)   0.32 (0.13–0.77) a
 Overweight 7 (19.4) 29 (80.6)   2.01 (0.73–5.48) 0 36 (100)   NA
Time since HIV diagnosis in years
 Median (IQR) 5.3 (2.8–6.8) 5.8 (3.5–6.7) 0.143 0.91 (0.81–1.02) 4.3 (2.4–6) 5.8 (3.3–6.7) 0.101 0.87 (0.73–1.04)
Most recent CD4 cell count
 Median (IQR) 381 (282–642) 422 (274–582) 0.885 1.02 (0.91–1.14) b 412.5 (210–567) 418.5 (279–587) 0.593 0.94 (0.79–1.13) b
Time since ARV treatment in years
 Median (IQR) 3.80 (1.80–5.60) 4.22 (1.78–6.03) 0.448 0.95 (0.84–1.08) 2.0 (1.6–5.4) 4.24 (1.82–5.91) 0.080 0.82 (0.67–1.00)
Current HIV stage
 1 51 (13.9) 317 (86.1) 0.484 1 20 (5.4) 348 (94.6) 0.411 1
 2 0 10 (100)   NA 0 10 (100)   NA
 3 3 (17.6) 14 (82.4)   1.33 (0.37–4.80) 1 (5.9) 16 (94.1)   1.09 (0.14–8.62)
 4 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)   1.55 (0.17–14.18) 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)   4.35 (0.46–40.75)
Presence of other chronic diseases
 Yes 13 (13.4) 84 (86.6) 0.909 0.96 (0.49–1.88) 5 (5.2) 92 (94.8) 0.864 0.91 (0.33–2.55)
 No 42 (13.9) 261 (86.1)   1 17 (5.6) 286 (94.4)   1
History of delaying ARV treatment
 Yes 2 (8.3) 22 (91.7) 0.757 0.56 (0.13–2.45) 2 (8.3) 22 (91.7) 0.634 1.60 (0.35–7.29)
 No 52 (14) 320 (86.0)   1 20 (5.4) 352 (94.6)   1
History of opportunistic disease diagnosis
 Yes 32 (12.5) 225 (87.5) 0.312 0.74 (0.42–1.33) 16 (6.2) 241 (93.8) 0.393 1.52 (0.58–3.96)
 No 23 (16.1) 120 (83.9)   1 6 (4.2) 137 (95.8)   1
Adherence to HIV medications
 Good 49 (13.3) 319 (86.7) 0.036 1 20 (5.4) 348 (94.6) 0.180 1
 Average 1 (5.6) 17 (94.4)   0.38 (0.05–2.94) 0 18 (100)   NA
 Poor 5 (35.7) 9 (64.3)   3.62 (1.16–11.24) 2 (14.3) 12 (85.7)   2.90 (0.61–13.85)
  1. aReversed OR = 3.13; 95% CI 1.30–7.69
  2. bFor every 100 units change