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Table 2 Prevalence and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of selected health-risk behaviors by participation in different models of physical education. Significant differences between groups is given in bold

From: Fun, influence and competence—a mixed methods study of prerequisites for high school students’ participation in physical education

  “Motion enjoyment” “Sport enjoyment” AOR a 95% CI
% 95% CI % 95% CI
Irregular breakfast 70.3 62.0–78.5 55.3 40.6–70.1 1.73 0.82–3.63
Irregular lunch 68.6 60.2–77.0 59.6 45.0–74.1 1.51 0.72–3.17
Irregular dinner 40.5 31.6–49.4 29.8 16.2–43.4 1.87 0.86–4.09
Irregular evening meal 75.2 67.4–83.0 63.8 49.6–78.1 1.97 0.91–4.28
Irregular meal pattern
(<4 meals per day)
90.9 85.7–96.1 80.9 69.2–92.5 5.40 2.28–12.78
Low fruits and berries
(<7 times a week)
75.2 67.4–83.0 66.7 52.8–80.5 1.65 0.75–3.64
Low vegetables
(<7 times a week)
76.9 69.2–84.5 64.6 50.6–78.6 2.15 0.98–4.70
High regular soft drinks
(≥4 times a week)
32.2 23.8–40.7 27.1 14.0–40.1 1.42 0.63–3.20
High sweet and candy
(≥4 times a week)
26.5 18.5–34.4 18.8 7.3–30.2 1.16 0.48–2.81
High salty snack
(≥4 times a week)
14.9 8.4–21.3 25.0 12.3–37.7 0.47 0.19–1.14
Have been drinking alcohol 64.5 55.8–73.1 63.8 49.6–78.1 1.30 0.60–2.80
Current smokerb 19.0 11.9–26.1 2.1 0.0–6.4 13.22 1.62–107.95
Current snufferb 22.3 14.8–29.8 14.9 4.3–25.5 1.25 0.48–3.28
No active commuting to school 82.6 75.8–89.5 77.1 64.8–89.4 1.68 0.67–4.21
  1. a Adjusted for age, sex and parental education
  2. bSelf-reported smoking/snuffing sometimes or daily