Skip to main content

Table 2 Demographic characteristics of the total sample and of the people who made up each stage of change

From: Psychosocial determinants of HIV testing across stages of change in Spanish population: a cross-sectional national survey

    Stage of change
Characteristics   Total Lack of awareness Decision not to act Decision to act Action Maintenance Abandonment
N   1499 802 204 67 291 74 38
Sex Male 47.6 49.1 50.5 50.7 42.6 45.9 39.5
Female 52.4 50.9 49.5 49.3 57.4 54.1 60.5
Age M ± SD 45.34 ± 16.94 45.61 ± 18 54.25 ± 17.9 32 ± 13.8 41.63 ± 11.5 44.1 ± 11.8 45 ± 12
Nationality Spanish 95.5 97 95.6 82.1 94.2 95.9 94.7
Other European country 1.1 1.1 1.5 4.5 0.7 0 0
Latin American 2.7 1.4 1 13.4 5.2 4 2.6
Other 0.7 0.5 2 0 0 0 2.6
Level of education No education 2.8 3.5 3.9 1.5 1.4 0 2.6
Primary education 20.9 21.6 32.8 20.9 15.1 12.2 10.5
Secondary education 37.2 38.2 31.9 49.3 35.4 33.8 47.4
Middle university education 12.9 12 10.8 10.4 15.1 20.3 15.8
Higher university education 21.3 19.6 16.7 13.4 28.2 28.4 18.4
Other 4.9 5.2 4 4.5 4.8 5.4 5.3
Habitat Quota Less than 20,000 30 32.4 29.9 28.4 25.8 24.3 31.6
From 20,001 to 50,000 13.3 12.8 14.7 9 14.8 17.6 10.5
From 50,001 to 200,000 23.1 23.2 25.5 32.8 20.6 16.2 23.7
From 200,001 to 500,000 14.9 15.1 12.7 6 16.2 20.3 15.8
More than 500,000 18.6 16.5 17.2 23.9 22.7 21.6 18.4
Socioeconomic status High 2.9 2.5 2.5 4.5 3.8 2.7 2.6
Medium-high 23.7 23.7 25 11.9 24.7 29.7 15.8
Medium 23.3 21.6 17.6 25.4 29.9 28.4 26.3
Medium-low 44.7 47.5 51 52.2 33.7 33.8 52.6
Low 5.3 4.7 3.9 6 7.9 5.4 2.6
Employment situation Working 39.5 35.1 28 31.4 56 48.7 55.3
Unemployed 13.9 14.6 7.8 14.9 15.8 17.6 13.2
Retirees and pensioners 20 21.7 36.3 6 10.7 9.5 18.4
Students 10.3 12.7 7.8 32.8 3.4 4.1 0
Other (home-makers/others) 16.3 15.9 20.1 14.9 14.1 20.3 13.2
  1. Data provided in percentages, except where specified
  2. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation