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Table 4 Marginal Effects of Interventions on Overall Hospitalization Rate, Rate of Using Upper Level Hospitals, and Inpatient Spending for Hypertension Related Hospitalization, Bootstrapping Results from Two-step Difference-in-differences Models

From: Effects of integrated chronic care models on hypertension outcomes and spending: a multi-town clustered randomized trial in China





Integrated Care Model

Financial Incentives

Hospitalization rate





Likelihood of using an upper level hospital





Total inpatient spending





No. of observations



  1. Notes: Robust standard errors are in parentheses; *** denotes p < 0.01, and * denotes p < 0.1. All models included fixed effects for town and time period, as well as individual random effect