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Table 2 Comparison of Characteristics by Group at the Baseline, July 2012

From: Effects of integrated chronic care models on hypertension outcomes and spending: a multi-town clustered randomized trial in China

Variables Group 1 Group 2 Control Group 1-Control Group 2-Control Group 1-Group 2
Age 64.5 66.5 65.5 −0.9 1.1 −2.0
Female, % 51.9 54.2 55.9 −4.0 −1.7 −2.2
Family structures, %
 Living alone 14.4 16.0 14.6 −0.2 1.3 −1.5
 Living with spouse only 34.3 32.8 36.9 −2.7 −4.2 1.5
 Living with kids only 13.4 17.6 17.3 −3.9 0.4 −4.2
 Living with both spouse and kids 35.8 32.8 28.8 7.0 4.0 3.1
 Other family structure 2.1 0.8 2.4 −0.3 −1.6 1.2
Education, %
 No education 32.4 37.2 39.6 −7.2 −2.4 −4.8
 Attend elementary school 45.8 48.5 44.4 1.4 4.1 −2.7
 Attend high school or above 21.9 14.3 16.1 5.8 −1.8 7.6
Average annual income, ¥ 5540 6797 5405 135 1392 −1257
Personal annual medical expenditure, ¥ 1854 1689 1891 −37 −202 165
Salt control 3.5 3.4 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.0
Fat control 3.7 3.5 3.6 0.1 0.0 0.2
Self-assessed competence to treatment adherence 75.4 71.8 70.7 4.7 1.1 3.6
SF36 Physical health 45.4 47.3 50.5 −5.1 −3.1 −1.9
SF36 Psychological health 48.3 50.8 52.8 −4.5 −2.0 −2.5
SF36 Total Score 47.8 50.1 52.5 −4.7 −2.4 −2.3
  1. Notes: Bold denotes significant at p-value < 0.05. The values of salt control and fat control are 1 = never, 2 = occasional, 3 = sometimes, 4 = often, 5 = always; self-assessed competence to treatment adherence is between 0 and 100, with a larger number indicating higher competence; and the values of SF scores are between 0 and 100, with a larger number indicating better health