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Table 2 Child immunization status at different levels of independent variables

From: Incomplete childhood immunization in Nigeria: a multilevel analysis of individual and contextual factors

Variables Immunization status Total
N (%)
P value
Fully immunized Not fully immunized
N (%) N (%)
Individual-level factors 1,361(23.7) 4,393(76.3) 5,754(100)  
 Maternal age
  15–24 281(17.4) 1,332(82.6) 1,613(100)  
  25–34 769(27.1) 2,073(72.9) 2,842(100)  
  35+ 311(23.9) 988(76.1) 1,299(100) <0.0001
 Maternal education
  No education 166(6.4) 2,441(93.6) 2,607(100)  
  Primary 274(24.6) 842(75.4) 1,116(100)  
  Secondary/higher 921(45.3) 1,110(54.7) 2,031(100) <0.0001
 Wealth index
  Poor 103(5.4) 1,815(94.6) 1,918(100)  
  Middle 374(19.5) 1,544(80.5) 1,918(100)  
  Rich 884(64.1) 1,034(53.9) 1,918(100) <0.0001
 Marital status
  Never married 54(40.3) 80(59.7) 134(100)  
  Ever married 1,307(23.3) 4,313(76.7) 5,620(100) <0.0001
 Maternal occupation
  Not working 333(19.0) 1,422(81.0) 1,755(100)  
  Working 1,028(25.7) 2,971(74.3) 3,999(100) <0.0001
 Sex of child
  Male 741(24.6) 2,269(75.4) 3,010(100)  
  Female 620(22.6) 2,124(77.4) 2,744(100) 0.071
 Birth order
  1st -3rd order 843(28.9) 2,074(71.1) 2,917(100)  
  4th -6th order 392(20.7) 1,499(79.3) 1,891(100)  
  7th + order 126(13.3) 820(86.7) 946(100) <0.0001
 Size of child at birth
  Large 658(25.8) 1,889(74.2) 2,547(100)  
  Average 562(24.3) 1,750(75.7) 2,312(100)  
  Small 141(15.8) 754(84.2) 895(100) <0.0001
 Exposure to media
  Never exposed 184(9.3) 1,791(90.7) 1,975(100)  
  Exposed 1,177(31.1) 2,602(68.9) 3,779(100) <0.0001
  Antenatal care     
  Never attended 186(8.4) 2.017(91.6) 2,203(100)  
  Attended 1,175(33.1) 2,376(66.9) 3,551(100) <0.0001
 Place of delivery
  Home 405(11.5) 3,123(88.5) 3,528(100)  
  Health facility 956(42.9) 1,270(57.1) 2,226(100) <0.0001
Community-level factors
 Residence
  Rural 572(14.9) 3,260(85.1) 3,832(100)  
  Urban 789(41.1) 1,133(58.9) 1,922(100) <0.0001
 Getting to health facility
  Not a problem 1,115(28.2) 2,843(71.8) 3,958(100)  
  A problem 246(13.7) 1,550(86.3) 1,796(100) <0.0001
  Ethnicity diversity index, mean(SD)    2.32(2.92)  
 Socioeconomic disadvantage
  Tertile 1(least disadvantaged) 854(43.2) 1,121(56.8) 1,975(100)  
  Tertile 2 440(23.6) 1,426(76.4) 1,866(100)  
  Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged) 67(3.5) 1,846(96.5) 1,913(100) <0.0001
State-level factors
 Socioeconomic disadvantage
  Tertile 1(least disadvantaged) 772(38.8) 1,216(61.2) 1,988(100)  
  Tertile 2 495(24.6) 1,520(75.4) 2,015(100)  
  Tertile 3 (most disadvantaged) 94(5.4) 1,657(94.6) 1,751(100) <0.0001