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Table 3 Odd ratios and 95% confidence intervals from crude logistic regressions between environmental factors and physical activity in the overall sample

From: Association between perceived built environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in South Africa

  Setting * built environment factors
Variables LTPA WL TRPA TPA Setting*LTPA p Setting *WL p Setting *TRPA p Setting *TPA p
Built environmental factors (agree vs disagree)
 Land use mix-access
  I can do most of my shopping at local stores 1.70 (0.82-3.51) 0.86 (0.61-1.22) 0.85 (0.45-1.50) 1.05 (0.74-1.49) 0.053 0.807 0.755 0.942
  Stores are within easy walking distance of my home 1.70 (0.82-3.51) 0.86 (0.61-1.22) 0.85 (0.45-1.50) 1.05 (0.74-1.49) 0.053 0.807 0.755 0.942
  There are many places to go within easy walking distance of my home 1.21 (0.58-2.52) 0.97 (0.68-1.40) 0.96 (0.52-1.76) 1.12 (0.78-1.62) 0.536 0.736 0.891 0.149
  It is easy to walk to a transit stop (bus, train) from my home 2.20* (1.01-8.30) 1.71** (1.17-2.50) 2.36* (1.09-5.12) 2.67*** (1.57-3.26) 0.478 0.052 0.850 0.781
Street connectivity
 The distance between intersections in my neighborhood is usually short 1.33 (0.73-2.40) 1.23 (0.90-1.69) 2.05* (1.17-3.59) 1.72** (1.23-2.4) 0.056 0.824 0.935 0.742
 There are many four-way intersections in my neighborhood 1.10 (0.60-1.10) 0.75 (0.54-1.03) 0.84 (0.49-1.44) 1.31 (0.95-1.82) 0.018 0.185 0.421 0.007
 There are many alternative routes in my neighborhood 1.91 (0.90-4.05) 0.75 (0.54-1.06) 1.11(0.61-2.01) 1.07 (0.75-1.51) 0.979 0.066 0.730 0.015
Infrastructure for walking and cycling
 There are sidewalks on most of the streets in my neighborhood 1.31 (0.72-2.30) 1.54** (1.12-2.12) 1.11 (0.65-1.92) 1.10 (0.79-1.53) 0.063 0.002 0.847 0.015
 The sidewalks in my neighborhood are well maintained 1.31 (0.72-2.38) 0.76 (0.55-1.04) 0.98 (0.57-1.68) 0.78 (0.56-1.08) 0.004 <0.001 0.036 0.034
 There is a grass that separates the streets from the sidewalks 1.56 (0.86-2.82) 1.40* (1.01-1.92) 0.82 (0.48-1.41) 1.09 (0.78-1.51) 0.016 0.001 0.134 <0.001
Aesthetics
 Trees give shade for the sidewalks in my neighborhood. 1.39 (0.77-2.49) 0.96 (0.69-1.31) 1.43 (0.83-2.46) 1.33 (0.96-1.85) 0.026 0.614 0.551 0.963
 There are many interesting things to look at while walking 0.89 (0.50-1.60) 0.83 (0.61-1.15) 1.90* (1.09-3.32) 1.43* (1.03-2.00) 0.020 0.214 0.412 0.824
 My neighborhood is generally free from litter. 0.94 (0.52-1.67) 1.49* (1.08-2.06) 1.61 (0.94-2.76) 1.38 (0.99-1.94) 0.034 0.963 0.105 0.098
Safety from traffic
 Too much traffic along the street I live in makes it difficult walk 0.66 (0.37-1.78) 0.48*** (0.35-0.66) 1.11 (0.64-1.92) 0.98 (0.71-1.36) 0.938 0.788 0.919 0.148
 Too much traffic along nearby streets makes it difficult walk 0.77 (0.42-1.40) 0.74 (0.53-1.04) 1.10 (0.64-1.91) 0.81 (0.58-1.45) 0.180 0.726 0.762 0.497
 The crosswalks help walkers feel safe crossing busy streets 1.14 (0.63-2.05) 0.81(0.59-1.11) 0.86 (0.50-1.47) 1.31 (0.94-1.81) 0.670 0.668 0.852 0.640
Safety from crime
 My neighborhood streets are well lit at night 1.37 (0.76-2.46) 1.75 (0.91-3.36) 1.78* (1.04-3.07) 2.07*** (1.46-2.92) 0.925 0.015 0.299 0.165
 The crime rate makes it unsafe to go on walks during the day 0.75 (0.42-1.35) 1.30 (0.68-2.49) 0.75 (0.44-1.31) 0.75 (0.54-1.04) 0.015 0.391 0.248 0.596
 The crime rate makes it unsafe to go on walks at night. 0.78 (0.37-1.61) 0.41* (0.18-0.90) 0.60 (0.29-1.22) 0.89 (0.61-1.30) 0.967 0.308 0.678 0.086
  1. LTPA Leisure time physical activity, WL Walking for leisure, TRPA Transport related physical activity, TPA Total physical activity, P p-value; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  2. Bold is significant p value