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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of built environment attributes by location

From: Association between perceived built environmental attributes and physical activity among adults in South Africa

Variables (N (%)) Urban = 290 Rural = 381 p-value All = 671
Environmental attributes
 Land use mix-access
  I can do most of my shopping at local stores    <0.001  
  Agree 243 (83.8) 218 (57.2)   461 (68.7)
  Disagree 47 (16.2) 163 (42.8)   210 (31.3)
  Stores are within easy walking distance of my home    <0.001  
  Agree 243 (83.8) 218 (57.2)   461 (68.7)
  Disagree 47 (16.2) 163 (42.8)   210 (31.3)
  There are many places to go within easy walking distance of my home    <0.001  
  Agree 258 (89.0) 237 (62.2)   495 (73.8)
  Disagree 32 (11.0) 144 (37.8)   176 (26.2)
  It is easy to walk to a transit stop (bus, train) from my home    <0.001  
  Agree 258 (89.0) 249 (65.4)   507 (75.6)
  Disagree 32 (11.0) 132 (34.6)   164 (24.4)
Street connectivity
 The distance between intersections in my neighborhood is usually short    <0.001  
 Agree 238 (82.1) 87 (22.8)   325 (48.4)
 Disagree 52 (17.9) 294 (77.2)   346 (51.6)
 There are many four-way intersections in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 240 (82.8) 125 (32.8)   365 (54.4)
 Disagree 50 (17.2) 256 (67.2)   306 (45.6)
 There are many alternative routes for getting from place to place in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 248 (85.5) 208 (54.6)   456 (68.0)
 Disagree 42 (14.5) 173 (45.4)   215 (32.0)
Places for walking and cycling
 There are sidewalks on most of the streets in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 246 (84.8) 118 (31.0)   364 (54.2)
 Disagree 44 (15.2) 263 (69.0)   307 (45.8)
 The sidewalks in my neighborhood are well maintained    <0.001  
 Agree 224 (77.2) 97 (25.5)   321 (47.8)
 Disagree 66 (22.8) 284 (74.5)   350 (52.2)
 There is a grass/dirt strip that separates the streets from the sidewalks in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 199 (68.6) 122 (32.0)   321 (47.8)
 Disagree 91 (31.4) 259 (68.0)   350 (52.2)
Neighborhood surroundings
 Trees give shade for the sidewalks in my neighborhood.    <0.001  
 Agree 198 (68.3) 114 (29.9)   312 (46.6)
 Disagree 92 (31.7) 267 (70.1)   359 (53.5)
 There are many interesting things to look at while walking in my neighborhood.    <0.001  
 Agree 210 (72.4) 104 (27.3)   314 (46.8)
 Disagree 80 (27.6) 277 (72.7)   357 (53.2)
 My neighborhood is generally free from litter.    <0.001  
 Agree 173 (59.7) 107 (28.1)   280 (41.7)
 Disagree 117 (40.3) 274 (71.9)   391 (58.3)
Safety from traffic
 There is so much traffic along the street I live such that it makes it difficult to walk in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 235 (81.0) 127 (33.3)   362 (53.9)
 Disagree 55 (19.0) 254 (66.7)   309 (46.1)
 There is so much traffic along nearby streets that it makes it difficult to walk in my neighborhood    <0.001  
 Agree 179 (61.7) 61 (16.0)   240 (35.8)
 Disagree 111 (38.3) 320 (84.0)   431 (64.2)
 The crosswalks in my neighborhood help walkers feel safe crossing busy streets    <0.001  
 Agree 228 (78.6) 98 (25.7)   326 (48.6)
 Disagree 62 (21.4) 283 (74.3)   345 (51.4)
Safety from crime
 My neighborhood streets are well lit at night    <0.001  
 Agree 234 (80.7) 54 (14.2)   288 (42.9)
 Disagree 56 (19.3) 327 (85.8)   383 (57.1)
 The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks during the day    <0.001  
 Agree 22 (76.2) 133 (34.9)   354 (52.8)
 Disagree 69 (23.8) 248 (65.1)   317 (47.2)
 The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night    <0.001  
 Agree 243 (83.8) 257 (67.5)   500 (74.5)
 Disagree 47 (16.2) 124 (32.5)   171 (25.5)
  1. Bold is significant p value