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Table 4 Association of physical activity level with CVD after adjustment for data sets of potential mediators

From: Association of physical activity on body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors, and prevalence of cardiovascular disease in the Korean population (from the fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey, 2008–2011)

  Low Moderate p value High p value
Age of >65 years and sex 1.00 0.82 (0.71–0.95) 0.001 0.678 (0.58–0.80) 0.001
Basic modela 1.00 0.82 (0.74-0.92) 0.029 0.66 (0.59–0.75) 0.001
Basic model plus each set of risk factors below
 BMI > 25 kg/m2 1.00 0.82 (0.71–0.95) 0.025 0.67 (0.57–0.79) 0.001
 Sarcopenia 1.00 0.87 (0.73–1.05) 0.287 0.75 (0.61–0.92) 0.005
 Central obesity 1.00 0.83 (0.71–0.96) 0.031 0.68 (0.57–0.80) 0.014
 High triglyceride 1.00 0.81 (0.70–0.95) 0.029 0.70 (0.59–0.83) 0.001
 Low HDL 1.00 0.81 (0.70–0.95) 0.029 0.71 (0.60–0.84) 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, CVD cardiovascular disease
  2. aAge, sex, smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus