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Table 3 Odds ratio of cardiovascular disease (MI, stable angina, stroke, and chronic renal disease) according to physical activity, body composition, and metabolic syndrome component

From: Association of physical activity on body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors, and prevalence of cardiovascular disease in the Korean population (from the fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey, 2008–2011)

  Non-adjusted bAdjusted
Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p value Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) p value
Activity
 Low 1    
 Moderate 0.72 (0.65–0.80) 0.001 0.82 (0.74–0.92) 0.001
 High 0.61 (0.55–0.68) 0.001 0.66 (0.59–0.75) 0.001
Sarcopenia 2.17 (1.95–2.43) 0.001 1.63 (1.45–1.84) 0.001
BMI > 25 kg/m2 1.32 (1.10–1.57) 0.003 1.30 (1.08–1.57) 0.005
aCentral obesity 2.40 (2.11–2.72) 0.001 1.82 (1.59–2.08) 0.001
High triglyceride 1.58 (1.45–1.73) 0.001 1.21 (1.10–1.33) 0.001
Low HDL 1.64 (1.50–1.79) 0.001 1.58 (1.44–1.74) 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, HDL high-density lipoprotein, MI myocardial infarction
  2. aWaist circumference of ≥90 cm for male subjects and ≥85 cm for female subjects
  3. bAdjusted variables: age of >65 years, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sex, and smoking