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Table 2 Simple linear regression models for associations of toddlers’ and parental demographic variables with parental-reported screen time, television, and video/computer games

From: Demographic correlates of screen time and objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity among toddlers: a cross-sectional study

Demographic variables Screen time (min/day) Television (min/day) Video/computer games (min/day)
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Toddlers’ characteristics
 Age (months) 10.1 (3.2, 17.1)** 8.6 (1.8, 15.4)** 2.0 ( −0.7, 4.7)
 Sex
  Males Reference Reference Reference
  Females 23.9 (−3.5, 51.4)* 22.7 (-4.0, 49.5)* −1.7 (-9.0, 12.4)
 Race/Ethnicity
  European-Canadian/Caucasian Reference Reference Reference
  Other 65.7 (39.6, 91.8)** 55.3 (29.3, 81.3)** 19.5 (9.1, 30.0)**
 Main type of child care
  Parental Reference Reference Reference
  Child care center −63.1 (-103.2, -23.1)** −49.2 (-88.7, -9.7)** −19.6 (-35.1, -4.2)**
  Day home −34.0 (-75.1, 7.1) −8.3 (-48.9, 32.2) −21.9 (-37.7, -6.0)**
  Other −22.5 (-55.6, 10.6) −12.6 (-45.3, 20.0) −14.6 (-27.4, -1.8)**
 Number of siblings
  None Reference Reference Reference
  1 6.8 (-23.7, 37.2) 12.5 (-17.1, 42.0) −4.7 (-16.3, 7.0)
   ≥ 2 4.5 (-35.7, 44.7) −6.5 (-45.6, 32.5) 9.4 (-6.0, 24.8)
Parental characteristics
 Age (years) −1.9 (-4.9, 1.0) −0.7 (-3.6, 2.2) −0.7 (-1.9, 0.4)
 Sex
  Male Reference Reference Reference
  Female 12.0 (-29.5, 53.4) 9.2 (-31.2, 49.6) 7.0 (-9.0, 23.0)
 Marital status
  Not married Reference Reference Reference
  Married −17.8 (-53.6, 18.0) −22.6 (-57.4, 12.2) −5.9 (-19.7, 8.0)
 Country of birth
  Canada Reference Reference Reference
  Other 57.0 (26.7, 87.4)** 46.1 (16.1, 76.1)** 21.6 (9.8, 33.3)**
 Highest level of education
  Post-graduate Reference Reference Reference
  University 17.8 (-18.3, 53.9) 19.7 (-15.4, 54.8) −3.7 (-17.7, 10.3
  Community/Technical college 9.0 (-30.6, 48.6) 7.1 (-31.4, 45.7) −4.6 (-20.0, 10.8
  High school (grades 9-12) 31.2 (-18.8, 81.1) 31.3 (-17.3, 79.9) −3.8 (-23.3, 15.6
 Household income (n = 142)
   > $100,000 Reference Reference Reference
  $50,001 to $100,000 52.4 (23.2, 81.5)** 45.5 (16.8, 74.3)** 13.6 (1.9, 25.3)**
   ≤ $50,000 58.1 (13.1, 103.1)** 49.2 (4.8, 93.6)** 19.2 (1.1, 37.3)**
  1. β (95% CI) unstandardized beta coefficients and 95% confidence intervals, min/day minutes per day
  2. **P < 0.05; *P < 0.10