Skip to main content

Table 2 Sexual and reproductive history according to presence/absence of cervical lesions by visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA)

From: Screening, prevalence, and risk factors for cervical lesions among HIV positive and HIV negative women in Swaziland

Variables VIA Positive
N = 35
VIA Negative
N = 236
Total
N = 271
p-value
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age at first sexual intercourse
 ≤17 17 (48.6) 93 (39.4) 110 (40.6) 0.49
 18–23 17 (48.6) 129 (54.7) 146 (53.9)
 ≥24 1 (2.9) 14 (5.9) 15 (5.5)
Number of lifetime sexual partners
 1 4 (11.4) 66 (28.0) 70 (25.8) 0.03
 ≥2 31 (88.6) 170 (72.0) 201 (74.2)  
Mean number of children 2 ± 1.44 2.1 ± 1.90 2.1 ± 1.84 0.64
Age at first child
 ≤17 13 (37.1) 84 (35.6) 97 (35.8) 0.36
 18–23 20 (57.1) 120 (50.8) 140 (51.7)
 ≥24 2 (5.7) 32 (13.6) 34 (12.5)
Condom use
 Do not use condoms 5 (14.3) 50 (21.2) 55 (20.3) 0.40
 Sometimes/Most times/Non-Regular partner only 23 (65.7) 127 (53.8) 150 (55.3)
 100% of the time 7 (20.0) 59 (25.0) 66 (24.4)
Condom use at last sex
 Yes 17 (48.6) 128 (54.5) 145 (53.7) 0.52
 No 18 (51.5) 107 (45.5) 125 (46.3)
Ever been raped
 Yes 1 (2.9) 15 (6.4) 16 (5.9) 0.70
 No 34 (97.1) 221 (93.6) 255 (94.1)
Sex in exchange for money
 Yes 1 (2.9) 3 (1.3) 4 (1.5) 0.43
 No 34 (97.1) 233 (98.7) 267 (98.5)
Sex in exchange for food or housing/rent?
 Yes 1 (2.9) 3 (1.3) 4 (1.5) 0.43
 No 34 (97.1) 233 (98.7) 267 (98.5)
History of any of the following STIs
 Warts, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes 15 (42.9) 60 (26.2) 75 (28.8) 0.05
 None 20 (57.1) 169 (73.8) 189 (71.6)
Anal sex in the past 12 months
 Yes 2 (5.7) 11 (4.7) 13 (4.8) 0.68
HIV Status
 Positive 25 (73.5) 84 (34.9) 109 (40.7) <0.01
 Negative 9 (26.5) 150 (64.1) 159 (59.3)
  1. Numbers may not always add up to total number due to missing responses
  2. Significant at p<0.05 are in bold