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Table 6 Prevalence (%) of risk factors by HIV status

From: Cardiometabolic risk in a population of older adults with multiple co-morbidities in rural south africa: the HAALSI (Health and Aging in Africa: longitudinal studies of INDEPTH communities) study

  Male Female
  HIV
(n = 1186)
HIV+
(n = 524)
p-value HIV
(n = 2093)
HIV+
(n = 610)
p-value
Hypertensiona 59.2 38.7 <0.001* 67.2 43.8 <0.001*
Diabetesb 10.9 7.3 0.014* 13.1 7.9 <0.001*
Dyslipidemiac 45.4 42.7 0.303 42.8 42.2 0.810
BMI (kg/m2)[45]  
Underweight (<18.5) 9.1 13.3 0.007* 3.5 4.5 0.241
Normal (18.5–24.9) 44.3 51.5 0.005* 23.5 35.2 <0.001*
Overweight (25.0–29.9) 29.3 22.7 0.004* 28.7 26.2 0.225
Obese Grade I (30.0–34.9) 12.9 8.6 0.010* 23.9 18.6 0.007*
Obese Grade II (35.0–39.9) 3.3 1.6 0.070 11.7 10.2 0.321
Extreme/Morbid (>40) 1.3 2.3 0.142 8.6 5.2 0.007
  1. Note: HIV status is defined as self-report or positive on assay analysis.
  2. aHypertension defined as SBP > 140 mmHg or DBP > 90 mmHg or Reports currents use of anti-hypertensive medication;
  3. bDiabetes defined as Self-Report or Fasting Blood Glucose >7.0 mmol/L or Random Blood Glucose > 11.1 mmol/L;
  4. cDyslipidemia defined as elevated total cholesterol (>6.21 mmol/L) or high LDL (>4.1 mmol/L) or Low HDL (<1.19 mmol/L) or Hypertriglyceridemia (>2.25 mmol/L);
  5. * Statistically significant at α = 0.05