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Table 1 Sample characteristics of children under five and their families MICS survey 2011 Nyanza, Kenya

From: Community unit performance: factors associated with childhood diarrhea and appropriate treatment in Nyanza Province, Kenya

Dependent variables N (%)
Experienced diarrhea within the previous 2 weeks
  Yes 781 (15.8)
  No 4174 (84.2)
Appropriate treatment for childhood diarrhea
  Inappropriate 481 (61.6)
  Appropriate 291 (37.3)
  Unknown 9 (1.2)
Individual Variables for both analyses
Child’s gender
  Female 2441 (49.3)
  Male 2514 (50.7)
Child’s age (years)
   < 1 969 (19.6)
  1 863 (17.4)
  2 1017 (20.5)
  3 1093 (22.1)
  4 1013 (20.4)
Relationship to household head
  Biological child 3912 (79.0)
  Grandchild 872 (17.6)
  Other 171 (3.5)
Household head’s gender
  Female 1236 (24.9)
  Male 3719 (75.1)
Age group (years)
   < 30 1370 (27.7)
  30–34 934 (18.9)
  35–39 814 (16.4)
  40–49 858 (17.3)
   ≥ 50 979 (19.8)
Education level
  No education/Primary level 3390 (68.4)
  Secondary level or higher 1565 (31.6)
Household wealth index
  Poorer 1173 (23.7)
  Poor 1037 (20.9)
  Middle 1006 (20.3)
  Rich 937 (18.9)
  Richer 802 (16.2)
Number of household members
  5 or fewer than 5 2406 (48.6)
  More than 5 2549 (51.4)
Number of children under five
  One 1553 (31.3)
  More than 1 3402 (68.7)
Paying attention to the child
  Less attention 2780 (56.1)
  More attention 2175 (43.9)
Playing with the child
  No playing 1012 (20.4)
  Playing at least once within the past 3 days 3943 (79.6)
Individual Variables for the first analysis on diarrhea cases
Water source for drinking
 Unimproved sources of drinking water 2445 (54.3)
  Unprotected well 410 (8.3)
  Unprotected spring 606 (12.2)
  Tanker-truck 3 (0.1)
  Cart with small tank/drum 14 (0.3)
  Surface water 1412 (28.5)
 Improved sources of drinking water 2510 (45.7)
  Piped water 471 (9.5)
  Protected well 311 (6.7)
  Protected spring 971 (19.6)
  Public tap/standpipe 246 (5.0)
  Tubewell/borehole 247 (5.0)
  Rainwater collection 244 (4.9)
  Bottle water 0 (0.0)
Water treatment
  No treatment 2104 (42.5)
  Inadequate treatment only 113 (2.3)
  Adequate treatment 2738 (55.3)
Hand-washing facility
  Not available 4809 (97.1)
  Available 146 (3.0)
Possession of refrigerator
  No 4868 (98.2)
  Yes 87 (1.8)
Individual Variables for the second analysis on appropriate treatment
Severity of diarrhea
  Without blood 673 (87.2)
  With blood 99 (12.8)
Possession of at least one media device
  No 80 (10.4)
  Yes 692 (89.6)
Community Variables for the two analyses N (%)
Area
  Urban 505 (10.2)
  Rural 4450 (89.8)
Performance of CHWs in the CU N / CUs (%)
  None/Poor (Number of CHWs and CUs) 2639/156 (53.3)
  Middle 1483/91 (29.9)
  High 833/51 (16.8)