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Table 1 Demographic and tobacco use variables compared between the two study groups

From: Effectiveness of a pharmacist-delivered smoking cessation program in the State of Qatar: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Intervention (N = 167) Control (N = 147) p-value
Age in years    0.221
 18–29 40 (24.5%) 33 (23.2%)  
 30–39 53 (32.5%) 55 (38.7%)  
 40–49 46 (28.2%) 27 (19.0%)  
 50 and above 24 (14.7%) 27 (19.0%)  
Gender (males) 164/167 (98.2%) 143/147 (97.3%) 0.710
Nationality    0.006*
 Qatar 25 (15.4%) 36 (24.8%)  
 Egypt 41 (25.3%) 49 (33.8%)  
 Other 96 (59.3%) 60 (41.4%)  
Highest educational level 0.604
 Primary 15 (9.3%) 16 (11.3%)  
 Secondary/high school 40 (24.8%) 43 (30.3%)  
 College diploma 40 (24.8%) 37 (26.1%)  
 Undergraduate degree 49 (30.4%) 33 (23.2%)  
 Post graduate degree 17 (10.6%) 13 (9.2%)  
Marital Status    0.389
 Never married 32 (19.6%) 23 (15.9%)  
 Ever married 131 (80.4%) 122 (84.1%)  
Years of cigarettes smoking 0.527
 0 to 2.99 years 4 (2.4%) 7 (4.8%)  
 3 to 4.99 years 13 (7.9%) 15 (10.3%)  
 5 to 10 years 30 (18.3%) 29 (19.9%)  
 More than 10 years 117 (71.3%) 95 (65.1%)  
Number of cigarettes per day 0.227
 Mean(sd) 21.6 (11.9) 23.5 (13.6)  
Tried quitting before (Yes) 122/163 (74.8%) 92/145 (63.4%) 0.030*
Family member smokes (yes) 87/161 (54.0%) 80/145 (55.2%) 0.842
Chronic medical conditions
 Some chronic medical conditions 51/164 (31.1%) 31/145 (21.4%) 0.053
 Hypertension 20/164 (12.2%) 15/145 (10.3%) 0.609
 Diabetes 27/164 (16.5%) 12/145 (8.3%) 0.031*
 Asthma/chronic lung diseases 6/164 (3.7%) 4/145 (2.8%) 0.755
 Cardiovascular diseases 5/164 (3.0%) 3/144 (2.1%) 0.728
 Gastrointestinal diseases 4/164 (2.4%) 4/145 (2.8%) 0.999
 Depression 2/164 (1.2%) 0/145 (0.0%) 0.500
Physical Exercise    0.999
 No 66 (41.8%) 59 (41.8%)  
 Yes but irregularly 62 (39.2%) 55 (39.0%)  
 Yes regularly 30 (19.0%) 27 (19.1%)  
Most important reasons for quitting†
 Religious reasons 55/129 (42.6%) 58/124 (46.8%) 0.508
 To live healthier 88/152 (57.9%) 76/135 (56.3%) 0.785
 To live longer 21/127 (16.5%) 25/121 (20.7%) 0.403
 To be role model to children 30/132 (22.7%) 28/116 (24.1%) 0.793
 Financial reasons 6/109 (5.5%) 6/100 (6.0%) 0.878
 Pressure from health care providers 8/109 (7.3%) 11/106 (10.4%) 0.433
Baseline heart rate    0.810
 Mean(sd) 79.0 (13.6) 79.3 (13.0)  
Baseline systolic blood pressure 0.626
 Mean(sd) 126.0 (14.4) 125.1 (15.3)  
Baseline diastolic blood pressure 0.176
 Mean(sd) 77.5 (10.5) 75.8 (10.5)  
Baseline weight    0.949
 Mean(sd) 85.6 (17.7) 85.7 (20.2)  
Baseline Body Mass Index (BMI) 0.914
 Mean(sd) 40.4 (32.9) 40.0 (27.9)  
Baseline FTND    0.828
 Mean(sd) 5.3 (2.4) 5.0 (2.4)  
  1. *significant difference between study arms † including those who gave all reasons same importance