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Table 2 Activities and sources of evidence

From: Participatory science and innovation for improved sanitation and hygiene: process and outcome evaluation of project SHINE, a school-based intervention in Rural Tanzania

Activity Description Date Delivered by Target Audience Evidence of implementation Source of data
Teacher training workshops Participatory workshops to share knowledge and enhance teacher capacity in: 1) parasitism; 2) sanitation and hygiene in local context; 3) basic water quality testing and treatment; 4) advanced water testing and organizing a science fair May & Sept. 2014 SHINE core teama Biology and civics teachers at both schools 20 teachers trained individual interviews, participatory evaluation techniques at workshops
SHINE School lessons Series of lessons on sanitation, hygiene, water testing and treatment adapted from workshops and teacher manuals provided to teachers May to Oct. 2014 Biology & civics teachers Form 3 students At least 40 individual lessons delivered log books, individual interviews, focus group discussions
Extra-curricular SHINE activities Classroom lessons on sanitation, hygiene, water testing and treatment replicated by students to community members. School debates, additional cleaning schedule for toilets, and school grounds. May to Oct. 2014 SHINE club members Community members At least 4 separate visits to deliver lessons in villages Two debates performed in front of the entire school. Additional cleaning schedule of latrines by SHINE club members. log books, individual interviews, focus group discussions
Community WASH events Three school-wide events with community members to mark World Water Monitoring Day, Global Hand Washing Day and World Toilet Day Sept & Oct, 2014 SHINE club members All school students and community members Participation of 500–1000 students and community members per event individual interviews, field notes
Sanitation Science Fair Students designed and implemented experiments to address water, sanitation and hygiene issues Nov, 2014 Form 3 students All school students and community members Participation of between 500–1000 including members of the Pastoralist Council (local government), traditional leaders, women’s group members and out-of-school youth. individual interviews, field notes
Scale up of Science Fair projects Additional training in youth-based social entrepreneurship and soap-making Jan-May 2015 SHINE core team, WET Centre Zambia & Rocky Mountain Soap Company Teachers, students and women’s group members Not implemented until after end of formal project Not applicable
  1. aSHINE core team consisted of Tanzanian and Canadian graduate and undergraduate students and local translators and facilitators