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Table 1 Child and parental characteristics for the overall sample and according to ethnic background of the child (n = 644)

From: Children’s sugar-sweetened beverages consumption: associations with family and home-related factors, differences within ethnic groups explored

  Overall sample
(n = 644)
% or mean (SD)
Dutch
(n = 195)
% or mean (SD)
Surinamese/Antillean
(n = 142)
% or mean (SD)
Moroccan/Turkish
(n = 185)
% or mean (SD)
Other/unknown
(n = 119)
% or mean (SD)
p-valuea
CHILD characteristics
 Gender, % girl
   missing, n = 12
54.1% 55.2% 53.9% 50.0% 58.8% 0.500
 Age (in years), mean (SD)
  missing, n = 6
9.4 (1.8) 8.7 (1.8) 9.4 (1.8) 9.6 (1.6) 10.4 (1.6) 0.000
 Ethnic background
  % Dutch 30.3%
  % Surinamese/Antillean 22.0%
  % Moroccan/Turkish 28.9%
  % Other/unknown 18.8%
 Weight status, % overweight or obese
  missing, n = 45
23.0% 13.8% 26.1% 31.8% 21.1% 0.001
PARENTAL characteristics
 Gender, % female
  missing, n = 47
87.4% 88.8% 94.8% 82.4% 84.0% 0.007
 Age (in years), mean (SD)
  missing, n = 5
37.0 (8.9) 37.3 (8.6) 36.7 (7.7) 36.4 (9.4) 37.6 (10.0) 0.655
 Educational level
  missing, n = 21
   0.000
  % Low 22.0% 10.6% 11.4% 41.2% 23.2%
  % Mid-low 25.0% 30.7% 23.6% 25.3% 17.0%
  % Mid-high 34.5% 32.3% 47.1% 24.7% 38.4%
  % High 18.5% 26.5% 17.9% 8.8% 21.4%
SSB intake child
 Average SSB in litre per day, mean (SD)
  missing, n = 3
0.9 (0.6) 0.7 (0.4) 1.1 (0.9) 0.8 (0.5) 0.9 (0.5) 0.000
  1. aDifferences between groups stratified for outcome measures, tested with one-way Anova (continuous variables) and Chi-square test (categorical variables)
  2. Note: Numbers printed in bold represent significant differences between the ethnic backgrounds groups