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Table 3 Mortality rate ratios by cause of death for injury-related hospitalisations of individuals aged 18+ years and matched non-injured comparison cohort within the 12 months post the index injury date, linked hospitalisation and mortality data in Australia

From: Higher mortality risk among injured individuals in a population-based matched cohort study

Cause of deatha Injured
No. deaths
Non-injured
No. deaths
Unadjusted mortality rate ratio 95%CI Adjusted mortality rate ratiob 95%CI Adjusted attributable risk%b
Underlying and/or antecedent cause of deathc
Injuries 2548 166 93.69* 64.12–136.89 81.06* 51.87–126.67 99
Cardiovascular disease 5926 537 25.62* 22.43–29.26 18.35* 15.88–21.22 95
Cerebrovascular disease 1887 159 26.70* 21.00–33.95 22.51* 16.87–30.05 96
Respiratory infections 1487 133 27.98* 21.22–36.89 21.04* 15.48–28.60 95
Non-respiratory infections 1079 87 30.20* 21.57–42.29 20.43* 14.22–29.38 95
Malignant neoplasms 2082 161 26.91* 21.41–33.84 16.16* 12.63–20.68 94
Non-infectious respiratory diseases 2535 204 30.25* 24.28–37.69 19.49* 15.42–24.65 95
All other deaths 735 43 40.16* 25.16–64.11 50.68* 24.77–103.72 98
  1. *p < 0.0001
  2. aCause of death was not able to be provided for n = 40 individuals in NSW. bAdjusted for age group, sex, urban status, number of Charlson comorbidities (i.e. 0, 1–2 or ≥3), alcohol use and dependence, mental health conditions, drug-related dependence and the log of pre-injury cumulative hospital LOS. cCause of death was not mutually exclusive