Skip to main content

Table 8 Relationship between socio-demographic by the management of under five children faeces variables in the study area

From: The management of the faeces passed by under five children: an exploratory, cross-sectional research in an urban community in Southwest Nigeria

Variables Categories Sanitation chain by caregivers for under-5 children during the day
Wealth categories   Unsafe Safe Total
Poor 97 (95.1%) 5 (4.9%) 102 (34.0%)
Average 72 (97.3%) 2 (2.7%) 74 (24.7%)
Rich 114 (91.9%) 10 (8.1%) 124 (41.3%)
Total 283 (94.3%) 17 (5.7%) 300 (100.0%)
Chi square (χ) = 2.797; degree of freedom (df) = 2, P-value (P) = 0.247a
Wealth categories   Sanitation chain by caregivers for under-5 children at night
Unsafe Safe Total
Poor 49 (48.0%) 53 (52.0%) 102 (34.0%)
Average 18 (24.3%) 56 75.7%) 74 (24.7%)
Rich 26 (21.0%) 98 (79.0%) 124 (41.3%)
Total 93 (31.0%) 207 (69.0%) 300 (100.0%)
χ = 21.221; df = 2, P = 0.0001
   Handwashing practices
Variable Category Correct Incorrect Total
Types of household toilet improved 87 (79.8%) 106 (56.1%) 193 (64.8%)
Unimproved 22 (20.2%) 83 (43.9%) 105 (35.2%)
Total 109 (36.6%) 189 (63.4%) 298 (100.0%)
  χ =17.062; df = 1; P < .0001; Odd ratio (OR) = 0.323; Confidence interval (CI) = 0.187-0.559
Wealth Poor 13 (12.7%) 89 (87.3%) 102 (34.1%)
Average 19 (25.7%) 55 (74.3%) 74 (24.7%)
Rich 77 (62.6%) 46 (37.4%) 123 (41.1%)
Total 109 (36.5%) 190 (63.5%) 299 (100.0%)
  χ =64.764; df = 2; P < 0.0001
Defecation practice of the under 5 child during the day Improved 101 (40.6%) 148 (59.4%) 249 (84.4%)
Unimproved 5 (10.9%) 41 (89.1%) 46 (15.6%)
Total 106 (35.9%) 189 (64.1%) 295 (100.0%)
  χ ==14.870; df = 1; P < .0001a; OR = 5.596; CI = 2.138–14.648
Defecation practice of the under 5 child during the night Improved 100 (39.7%) 152 (60.3%) 252 (84.3%)
Unimproved 9 (19.1%) 38 (80.9%) 47 (15.7%)
Total 109 (36.5%) 190 (63.5%) 299 (100.0%)
χ =7.210, df = 1, P = .008a; OR = 2.778; CI = 1.287–5.994
  1. a = Fisher’s Exact Test