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Table 1 General characteristics of the São Tomé and Príncipe population

From: Rubella in Sub-Saharan Africa and sensorineural hearing loss: a case control study

  Total
(n = 303)
Control Gr
(171–56.4%)
Case Gr
(132–43.6%)
p-Value
Age range     0.359
 [2–14]
 [15–35]
147 (48.5%)
156 (51.5%)
79 (46.2%)
92 (53.8%)
68 (51.5%)
64 (48.5%)
Mean Age SD 17.31 ± 9.722 17.73 ± 9.729 16.77 ± 9.723  
Gender     0.391
 Male
 Female
137 (45.2%)
166 (54.8%)
81 (47.4%)
90 (52.6%)
56 (42.4%)
76 (57.6%)
Resident District     0.061*
 Água Grande
 Mezochi
 Cantagalo
 Caué
 Lemba
 Lobata
 Príncipe
174 (57.4%)
47 (15.5%)
17 (5.6%)
23 (7.6%)
6 (2%)
19 (6.3%)
17 (5.6%)
110 (64.3%)
17 (9.9%)
8 (4.7%)
12 (7%)
3 (1.8%)
11 (6.4%)
10 (5.8%)
64 (48.5%)
30 (22.7%)
9 (6.8%)
11 (8.3%)
3 (2.3%)
8 (6.1%)
7 (5.3%)
Spoken Language     0.0001
 Yes
 No
 Undefined
242 (86.7%)
37 (13.3%)
24
161 (97.6%)
4 (2.4%)
6
81 (71.1%)
33 (28.9%)
18
Family History of HL     0.207
 Yes
 No
 Missing
52 (17.5%)
245 (82.5%)
6
33 (20%)
132 (80%)
6
19 (14.4%)
113 (85.6%)
Consanguinity     0.461
 Yes
 No
 Missing
7 (2.4%)
285 (97.6%)
11
3 (1.8%)
162 (98.2%)
6
3 (3.1%)
123 (96.9%)
5
Rubella IgG     0.085
 Positive
 Negative
 Borderline
202 (66.7%)
101 (33.3%)
12
107 (62.6%)
64 (37.4%)
95 (72%)
37 (28%)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation
  2. *Chi-square Test by Monte Carlo Simulation; Bold: Total sample; Italic: p-Value; Italic bold: statistic significant p-Value