Skip to main content

Table 4 PICOS framework

From: Systematic review of cost-effectiveness analyses for combinations of prevention strategies against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: a general trend

PICOS Definition
Population All individuals
Intervention Vaccination against HPV infection, with a cervical screening strategy
Comparators One of the following three scenarios:
- Vaccination against HPV infection, with an alternative cervical screening strategy
- Vaccination against HPV infection only
- An alternative cervical screening strategy only
Outcomes Health economic endpoint (with a focus on the cost-effectiveness result (quality-adjusted life-year, cost-effectiveness ratio) and clinical outcomes (cancers/cases avoided)
Study types Cost-effectiveness analyses