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Table 4 Adjusted Differences in Cross-sectional Means and Group Specific Longitudinal Changes (β coefficients) of SF-36 Mental Health Functioning Score (MCS) from 2007 to 2012 by sickness absence diagnosis (n = 3079)

From: Physical and mental health functioning after all-cause and diagnosis-specific sickness absence: a register-linkage follow-up study among ageing employees

Diagnosis of sickness absence* in 2004–2007: 2007 2012 Change from 2007 to 2012
Mean (95% CI) Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI
Model 1
 Musculoskeletal disease
   No ref.   ref.   1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)
   Yes 1.0 (−0.1 to 2.1) −0.2 (−1.3 to 0.8) −0.1 (−1.3 to 1.0)
 Mental disorders
   No ref.   ref.   0.8 (0.4 to 1.1)
   Yes −7.0 (−8.5 to−5.5) −2.8 (−4.2 to−1.4) 5.0 (2.8 to 7.3)
 External causes
   No ref.   ref.   0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)
   Yes 0.0 (−1.5 to 1.6) 1.5 (0.0 to 2.9) 2.4 (0.8 to 3.9)
 Respiratory disease
   No ref.   ref.   1.0 (0.6 to 1.3)
   Yes −1.0 (−3.2 to 1.2) −1.1 (−3.2 to 0.9) 1.0 (−1.4 to 3.3)
 Other
   No ref.   ref.   0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)
   Yes −1.3 (−2.4 to−0.3) −1.0 (−2.1 to−0.1) 1.3 (0.2 to 2.4)
Model 2
 Musculoskeletal disease
   No ref.   ref.   1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)
   Yes 0.9 (−0.2 to 2.0) −0.4 (−1.5 to 0.6) −0.1 (−1.3 to 1.0)
 Mental disorders
   No ref.   ref.   0.8 (0.4 to 1.1)
   Yes −7.1 (−8.5 to−5.6) −2.9 (−4.3 to−1.5) 5.0 (2.8 to 7.3)
 External causes
   No ref.   ref.   0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)
   Yes −0.1 (−1.6 to 1.4) 1.4 (−0.1 to 2.8) 2.3 (0.8 to 3.9)
 Respiratory disease
   No ref.   ref.   0.9 (0.7 to 1.3)
 Yes −1.1 (−3.2 to 1.0) −1.2 (−3.2 to 0.9) 0.9 (−1.4 to 3.3)
 Other
   No ref.   ref.   0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)
   Yes −1.4 (−2.5 to−0.4) −1.1 (−2.1 to−0.1) 1.3 (0.1 to 2.4)
  1. NOTE. To be included as an absentee in a particular diagnostic category, participants had to have at least one new sick leave episode for that diagnosis during the 3-year exposure window. The reference group for each diagnostic category is participants with no sickness absence for that specific diagnosis
  2. *Sickness absence lasting ≥ 14 consecutive calendar days (reimbursed sickness absence)
  3. Model 1 adjusted for age and gender
  4. Model 2 adjusted for Model 1 + occupational class in 2007 and old-age retirement between 2007 and 2012