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Table 3 Adjusted Differences in Cross-sectional Means and Group Specific Longitudinal Changes (β coefficients) of SF-36 Physical Health Functioning Score (PCS) from 2007 to 2012 by sickness absence diagnosis (n = 3079)

From: Physical and mental health functioning after all-cause and diagnosis-specific sickness absence: a register-linkage follow-up study among ageing employees

Diagnosis of sickness absence* in 2004–2007: 2007 2012 Change from 2007 to 2012
Mean (95% CI) Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI
Model 1
 Musculoskeletal disease
   No ref.   ref.   −1.1 (−1.4 to−0.9)
   Yes −6.8 (−7.7 to−5.9) −4.9 (−5.9 to−3.9) 0.8 (−0.3 to 1.8)
 Mental disorders
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.6)
   Yes −1.2 (−2.4 to 0.1) −1.9 (−3.2 to−0.6) −1.7 (−3.0 to−0.4)
 External causes
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.7)
   Yes −1.5 (−2.7 to−0.2) −1.9 (−3.3 to−0.6) −1.4 (−2.8 to 0.0)
 Respiratory disease
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.7)
   Yes −3.7 (−5.4 to−1.9) −4.6 (−6.5 to−2.7) −1.8 (−4.2 to 0.6)
 Other
   No ref.   ref.   −1.0 (−1.3 to−0.8)
   Yes −3.1 (−3.9 to−2.2) −2.1 (−3.0 to−1.2) −0.0 (−0.9 to 0.9)
Model 2
 Musculoskeletal disease
   No ref.   ref.   −1.1 (−1.4 to−0.9)
   Yes −6.2 (−7.1 to−5.3) −4.3 (−5.2 to−3.3) 0.8 (−0.3 to 1.9)
 Mental disorders
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.6)
   Yes −0.9 (−2.1 to 0.3) −1.7 (−3.0 to−0.4) −1.7 (−3.0 to−0.4)
 External causes
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.7)
   Yes −1.2 (−2.5 to 0.0) −1.7 (−3.0 to−0.4) −1.3 (−2.7 to 0.0)
 Respiratory disease
   No ref.   ref.   −0.9 (−1.2 to−0.6)
   Yes −3.6 (−5.3 to−1.8) −4.4 (−6.3 to−2.5) −1.7 (−4.1 to 0.6)
 Other
   No ref.   ref.   −1.1 (−1.4 to−0.8)
   Yes −2.8 (−3.7 to−2.0) −1.8 (−2.7 to−0.9) −0.0 (−0.9 to 0.9)
  1. NOTE. To be included as an absentee in a particular diagnostic category, participants had to have at least one new sick leave episode for that diagnosis during the 3-year exposure window. The reference group for each diagnostic category is participants with no sickness absence for that specific diagnosis
  2. *Sickness absence lasting ≥ 14 consecutive calendar days (reimbursed sickness absence)
  3. Model 1 adjusted for age and gender
  4. Model 2 adjusted for Model 1 + occupational class in 2007 and old-age retirement between 2007 and 2012