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Table 2 Years Lost to Disability (YLD; in thousands) calculated with the GBD2010 method and with DYNAMO-HIA. The latter is calculated as DALY minus YLL. Both with realistic data (Illustration case) and with artificial data

From: Taking multi-morbidity into account when attributing DALYs to risk factors: comparing dynamic modeling with the GBD2010 calculation method

   Illustration Case Artificial dataa
Daly – Yll from Dynamic Modeling
Including DW from other diseases Men 68 51
Women 54 47
Only DW from smoking- related diseases Men 99 82
Women 88 80
YLD GBD2010 method
Lung cancer Men 3.5 3.8
Women 2.6 2.5
CHD Men 24.6 48.5
Women 16.9 37.2
Stroke Men 13.7 23.7
Women 9.8 22.6
COPD Men 60.7 61.0
Women 54.7 59.2
Total Men 123 137
Women 84 122
  1. athe risk factor exposure and relative risks are the same for all ages, and the population is stable over time