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Table 4 Predictors of size underestimation (feeling ‘about the right weight’ or ‘too light’) among overweight/obese adolescents (multivariate analysisc)

From: Misperception of weight status in the pacific: preliminary findings in rural and urban 11- to 16-year-olds of New Caledonia

  Whole sample (n =236) Boys (n = 104) Girls (n =132)
  %a (n) OR [95% CI] P %a (n) OR [95% CI] P %a (n) OR [95% CI] P
Age (years)b - 0.930 [0.760–1.137] .480 - 1.096 [0.815–1.472] .545 - 0.837 [0.625–1.120] .232
Gender
 Female 47.7 (63) 1.00   - - - - - -
 Male 52.9 (55) 1.366 [0.790–2.362] .265 - - - - - -
Ethnicity
 European 47.2 (25) 1.00   60.9 (14) 1.00   36.7 (11) 1.00  
 Melanesian 52.8 (53) 1.082 [0.555–2.107] .817 50.7 (36) 0.640 [0.228–1.791] .395 54.4 (49) 1.406 [0.540–3.659] .485
 Polynesian 36.4 (8) 0.844 [0.272–2.617] .769 50.0 (5) 0.847 [0.157–4.568] .847 25.0 (3) 0.748 [0.142–3.954] .733
SES
 Higher 38.0 (19) 1.00   35.0 (7) 1.00   40.0 (12) 1.00  
 Intermediate 47.6 (30) 1.562 [0.695–3.511] .281 48.5 (16) 2.144 [0.645–7.124] .213 46.7 (14) 1.296 [0.396–4.237] .668
 Lower 56.1 (69) 2.068 [1.005–4.254] .048 62.7 (32) 4.113 [1.276–13.255] .018 51.4 (37) 1.353 [0.517–3.543] .538
Area of residence
 Urban 39.5 (15) 1.00   52.4 (11) 1.00   23.5 (4) 1.00  
 Rural 52.0 (103) 1.491 [0.658–3.381] .339 53.0 (44) 0.826 [0.275–2.478] .733 51.3 (59) 2.773[0.711–10.812] .142
Weight status
 Obese 34.9 (52) 1.00   41.5 (26) 1.00   28.9 (25) 1.00  
 Overweight 58.7 (50) 2.975 [1.667–5.311] <.001 60.3 (25) 2.169 [0.926–5.082] .075 57.5 (26) 3.774 [1.649–8.636] .002
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SES socioeconomic status
  2. aIndicates the percentage (and effective) of overweight participants in each group perceiving themselves to be about the right weight or too light
  3. bEntered into the model as a continuous variable
  4. cVariables in the models are: age (years), gender, ethnicity, SES, residence and weight status category