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Table 2 Predictors of size overestimation (feeling ‘too heavy’) among normal-weight adolescents (multivariate analysisc)

From: Misperception of weight status in the pacific: preliminary findings in rural and urban 11- to 16-year-olds of New Caledonia

  Whole sample (n = 429) Boys (n = 212) Girls (n = 217)
  %a (n) OR [95% CI] P %a (n) OR [95% CI] P %a (n) OR [95% CI] P
Age (years)b - 1.45 [1.07–1.96] .017 - 2.195 [1.283–3.753] .004 - 1.035 [0.691–1.551] .869
Gender
 Female 10.1 (22) 1.00   - - - - - -
 Male 7.1 (15) 0.648 [0.311–1.352] .248 - - - - - -
Ethnicity
 European 13.3 (22) 1.00   11.5 (9) 1.00   14.9 (13) 1.00  
 Melanesian 4.3 (7) 0.357 [0.147–0.868] .023 3.1 (4) 0.222 [0.043–1.159] .074 5.6 (7) 0.468 [0.158–1.383] .170
 Polynesian 36.4 (4) 3.696 [0.883–15.473] .074 28.6 (2) 2.568 [0.319–20.649] .375 50.0 (2) 5.915 [0.675–51.823] .108
SES
 Higher 6.2 (9) 1.00   6.6 (5) 1.00   13.0 (9) 1.00  
 Intermediate 11.2 (12) 2.793 [1.085–7.186] .033 8.3 (5) 6.431 [1.153–35.864] .034 14.9 (7) 2.031 [0.613–6.736] .246
 Lower 9.7 (17) 1.942 [0.700–5.389] .202 6.6 (5) 5.396 [0.799–36.424] .084 5.9 (6) 1.041 [0.280–3.870] .952
Residence
 Urban 17.6 (22) 1.00   15.4 (10) 1.00   20.0 (12) 1.00  
 Rural 4.9 (15) 0.509 [0.192–1.350] .175 3.4 (5) 0.479 [0.087–2.626] .397 6.4 (10) 0.433 [0.125–1.500] .187
Weight statusd
 Upper-normal weight 9.2 (26) 1.00   9.0 (12) 1.00   9.3 (14) 1.00  
 Lower-normal weight 7.6 (11) 0.519 [0.230–1.170] .114 3.8 (3) 0.197 [0.039–0.990] .049 11.9 (8) 0.930 [0.344–2.515] .886
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, SES socioeconomic status
  2. aIndicates the percentage of normal-weight participants in each group perceiving themselves to be too heavy
  3. bEntered into the model as a continuous variable
  4. cVariables in the models are: age (years), gender, ethnicity, SES, residence and weight status category
  5. d‘Lower normal weight’ and ‘upper normal weight’ category were subcategories of the normal weight category