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Table 4 Crude Odds Ratio (OR) and adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) analysis of variables significant to positive depression screen using the PHQ-2 on African ASRs in Hong Kong

From: Mental health of African asylum-seekers and refugees in Hong Kong: using the social determinants of health framework

Variable OR 95%CI aOR 95%CI
Intermediary determinants of health
 Age 1.05 (1.01–1.09)* 1.02 (0.97–1.07)
 Exercisea,b 0.37 (0.15–0.91)* 0.42 (0.15–1.15)
 Illness, Injury, or symptomsa 2.55 (1.33–2.17)* 1.23 (0.49–3.06)
 Chronic illness 2.44 (1.31–4.56)* 0.87 (0.35–2.18)
 Living Companion (Alone)
  With Family 0.30 (0.09–0.99)* 0.25 (0.07–0.88)*
  Others 1.29 (0.41–4.00) 0.97 (0.23–4.04)
 General health (Very Good/Excellent)
  Good 2.46 (1.66–9.13) 3.18 (0.71–14.19)
  Fair/Poor 4.90 (1.45–16.51)* 5.78 (1.40–23.81)*
 Health vs. locals of same agec (Better)
  Same 2.65 (1.30–5.42)* 2.22 (0.90–5.49)
  Worse 1.49 (0.60–3.61) 0.63 (0.20–1.98)
Healthsystem determinants of health
 Reported difficulties accessing Med Services (Yes) 2.92 (1.20–7.11)* 3.57 (0.95–13.44)
 Satisfaction with Medical Services (Not Used)
  Good - Excellent 1.27 (0.43–3.71) 0.75 (0.16–3.41)
  Fair - Poor 2.88 (1.16–7.18)* 0.92 (0.23–3.67)
 Obtained treatment due to illness/injuryd 2.32 (1.16–4.64)* 1.19 (0.44–3.25)
Structural determinants of health
 Everyday Discrimination Scaled 1.17 (1.11–1.23)** 1.17 (1.10–1.24)**
  1. a Reported in the past 30 days; b Exercise – Little or none = <15 days with exercise, Frequent = >15 days with exercise; c Based on the participants own judgement; d Reported in the past 12 months. ** p<0.01; * p<0.05