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Table 3 Comparison of scores of sleep, WHO-5, and GDS-15 by mixed effects models ANOVA

From: Effects of a mutual recovery intervention on mental health in depressed elderly community-dwelling adults: a pilot study

  T1a T2   T3   Time*groupd Timee
  Meanb SD Mean SD Mean SD   
Sleep
 P-groupc 9.48 (3.10) 9.52 (3.01) 6.99 (2.48) F = 8.971 F = 14.452, P =0.003
 C-group 8.62 (3.34) 8.80 (2.97) 8.23 (2.79) P < 0.001 F = 1.199, P = 0.302
WHO-5
 P-group 10.63 (3.31) 10.32 (3.55) 18.22 (4.05) F = 36.208 F = 72.642, P < 0.001
 C-group 11.00 (3.24) 11.26 (4.38) 9.91 (5.19) P < 0.001 F = 13.589, P = 0.015
GDS-15
 P-group 8.10 (2.14) 7.11 (2.21) 2.99 (1.83) F = 62.930 F = 102.947, P < 0.001
 C-group 7.64 (1.77) 7.10 (2.04) 6.39 (2.68) P < 0.001 F = 2.993, P = 0.139
  1. aT1: baseline, T2: before intervention, T3: posttest
  2. bMeans and standard deviation (SD)
  3. cP-group: program group; C-group: control group
  4. d F values and P values are reported for each primary and secondary outcome based on multilevel mixed model repeated measures ANOVA
  5. eTime simple effect on the outcomes based on multilevel mixed model repeated measures ANOVA