Skip to main content

Table 1 Facilities and hygiene practices in slaughterhouses

From: Working conditions and public health risks in slaughterhouses in western Kenya

Variable Mixed Ruminant % n = 31 Cattle % (95%CI) n = 53 Pig only % (95%CI) n = 58 Total % (95%CI) n = 142 Chi squared, p –value
Structural factors
 Roof present 90 75 (72–79) 45 (40–50) 65 (63–67) X2 = 21.53, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Cement floor 100 100 74 (70–78) 89 (87–90) X2 = 23.39, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Solid walls 97 79 (76–82) 53 (48–58) 72 (69–74) X2 = 20.25, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Electricity 3 0 2 (0.4–3) 1.4 (1–2) X2 = 1.48, df = 2 p < 0.001
Sanitation
 Toilet 61 57 (53–60) 62 (57–67) 60 (57–62) X2 = 0.38, df = 2 p = 0.117
 Piped water 6 6 (4–7) 0 3 (3–4) X2 = 3.82, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Hand-washing place 35 19 (16–22) 14 (10–17) 20 (18–22) X2 = 5.76, df = 2 p = <0.001
 Cleaned with soap 90 83 (80–86) 62 (57–67) 75 (73–78) X2 = 10.92, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Dogs present 71 74 (70–78) 85 (81–88) 78 (76–80) X2 = 2.89, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Rats present 10 6 (4–7) 19 (15–23) 12 (11–14) X2 = 4.87, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Source of water
  Borehole 65 70 (67–73) 64 (59–69) 66 (64–68) X2 = 3.83, df = 2 p < 0.001
  Municipal 13 13 (11–16) 7 (4–9) 10 (9–12)  
  River 3 8 (6–9) 10 (7–13) 8 (7–9)  
  Well 19 9 (7–12) 19 (15–23) 16 (14–17)  
Personal hygiene
 Protective clothing worn 55 36 (32–39) 17 (13–21) 32 (29–34) X2 = 13.38, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Worker buys clothing 90 (87–93) 78 (71–85) 67 (51–82) 78 (73–84)  
 Boots worn 52 45 (41–48) 16 (12–19) 34 (31–36) X2 = 16.33, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Worker buys boots 92 (87–97) 84 (77–91) 72 (54–90) 84 (78–89  
 Soap provided 81 64 (61–68) 57 (52–62) 64 (62–67) X2 = 4.75, df = 2 p < 0.001
Meat inspection
 Meat inspector visits daily 100 100 84 (81–88) 93 (92–95) X2 = 13.36, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Antemortem exam 13 6 (4–7) 5 (3–7) 7 (6–8) X2 = 1.99, df = 2 p < 0.001
 Slaughter a sick animal 19 8 (6–9) 5 (3–7) 9 (7–10) X2 = 3.69, df = 2 p < 0.001
Meat exported
 Meat sold only to local village 10 30 (27–33) 29 (25–34) 26 (24–28)  
 Meat exported from sublocation 26 19 (16–22) 19 (15–23) 20 (18–22)