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Table 4 Psychological, social, and mechanical factors as predictors of disability retirement in men and women

From: Psychological, social, and mechanical work exposures and disability retirement: a prospective registry study

  Men Women  
Factora N HRbc 99% CI P-value N HRbc 99% CI P-value % differenced
Role conflict 5426 1.33 0.98–1.82 0.017 6725 1.26 1.08–1.48 <0.001 5.26
Positive challengee 5026 0.77 0.54-1.11 0.065 6072 0.96 0.80–1.15 0.527 19.79
Control over work intensity 5398 0.83 0.64–1.09 0.081 6696 0.81 0.72–0.92 <0.001 2.41
Fair leadership 5354 0.74 0.57–0.96 0.003 6638 0.86 0.75–0.99 0.005 13.95
Physical workloadf 5288 1.68 1.22–2.32 <0.001 6533 1.24 1.06–1.45 <0.001 26.19
  1. N number of subjects, HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aScale scores ranging from 1 to 5. For physical workload; 1 to 4
  3. bRisk of disability retirement per unit increase in each of the listed work exposures. HRs and CIs calculated separately for men and women
  4. cAdjusted for age group, skill level, and sickness absence last 3 years prior to baseline response caused by cardiovascular disease, respiratory illnesses, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, or cancer
  5. dPercentage difference in HRs between men and women
  6. eAdjusted for decision control
  7. fAdjusted for control over work intensity