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Table 4 Factors associated with Psychological IPV against married migrant workers

From: Intimate partner violence against married rural-to-urban migrant workers in eastern China: prevalence, patterns, and associated factors

  Psychological violence cOR (95% CI) p aOR (95% CI) p
Yes (n = 676) No (n = 1054)
n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Men 329 (48.3) 544 (51.2) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Women 352 (51.7) 519 (48.8) 1.12 (0.94–1.36) 0.24 1.08 (0.86–1.34) 0.47
Age group
 >37 years(first generation) 324 (47.6) 605 (56.9) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 ≤37 years (second generation) 357 (52.4) 458 (43.1) 0.69 (0.57–0.83) 0.00 0.72 (0.56–0.93) 0.01
Education group
 Primary school or lower 68 (10.0) 79 (7.4) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Junior high school 360 (52.9) 586 (55.1) 0.71 (0.50–1.01) 0.06 0.71 (0.49–1.03) 0.07
 Senior high school 161 (23.6) 253 (23.8) 0.74 (0.57–1.08) 0.12 0.67 (0.45–1.01) 0.06
 College 92 (13.5) 145 (13.6) 0.74 (0.49–1.12) 0.15 0.64 (0.40–1.02) 0.06
Region of origin       
 North 222 (32.6) 361 (34.0) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 South 459 (67.4) 702 (66.0) 1.06 (0.87–1.30) 0.56 1.16 (0.94–1.44) 0.18
Monthly income (RMB: yuan)
 ≤2500 67 (9.8) 112 (10.5) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 2501–3500 326 (47.9) 520 (48.9) 1.05 (0.75–1.46) 0.78 1.10 (0.78–1.56) 0.58
 >3500 288 (42.3) 431 (40.5) 1.12 (0.80–1.56) 0.52 1.14 (0.80–1.65) 0.47
Duration of migration (years)
 1–6 148 (21.7) 216 (20.3) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 7–12 233 (34.2) 306 (28.8) 1.11 (0.85–1.46) 0.44 1.18 (0.89–1.58) 0.25
 13–20 214 (31.4) 417 (39.2) 0.75 (0.57–0.98) 0.03 0.90 (0.66–1.23) 0.51
 ≥21 86 (12.6) 124 (11.7) 1.01 (0.72–1.43) 0.95 1.35 (0.87–2.01) 0.19
Number of migratory cities
 1–2 400 (58.7) 654 (61.5) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 3–4 226 (33.2) 324 (30.5) 1.14 (0.92–1.41) 0.22 0.45 (1.09–0.88) 0.24
 ≥5 55 (8.1) 85 (8.0) 1.06 (0.74–1.52) 0.76 0.24 (0.79–0.53) 0.12
Marital status
 First marriage 628 (92.2) 1005 (94.5) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Remarriage 53 (7.8) 58 (5.5) 1.46 (1.00–2.15) 0.05 1.20 (0.77–1.86) 0.42
Lifestyle with your spouse
 Living together 546 (80.5) 879 (83.2) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Living in separate places 132 (19.5) 177 (16.8) 1.20 (0.94–1.54) 0.15 0.92 (0.70–1.21) 0.54
Marital satisfaction
 Satisfied 499 (73.3) 885 (83.3) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Ok 153 (22.5) 168 (15.8) 1.62 (1.26–2.06) 0.00 1.60 (1.24–2.07) 0.00
 Dissatisfied 29 (4.3) 10 (0.9) 5.14 (2.49–10.64) 0.00 5.06 (2.22–11.54) 0.01
Premarital sex
 No 416 (61.2) 755 (71.0) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 264 (38.8) 308 (29.0) 1.56 (1.27–1.91) 0.00 1.40 (1.12–1.75) 0.00
Marriage derailment
 No 602 (88.7) 999 (94.2) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 77 (11.3) 61 (5.8) 2.10 (1.48–2.98) 0.00 1.76 (1.21–2.56) 0.00