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Table 3 Utilization of antenatal care and institutional delivery by household characteristics

From: An equity analysis of utilization of health services in Afghanistan using a national household survey

  Antenatal care (Mean ± Std. Err.) Institutional delivery (Mean ± Std. Err.)
All Public Private All Public Private
Residence       
 Urban 0.854 ± 0.0049 0.304 ± 0.0064 0.556 ± 0.0068 0.652 ± 0.0064 0.512 ± 0.0070 0.139 ± 0.0049
 Rural 0.570 ± 0.0044 0.341 ± 0.0043 0.208 ± 0.0034 0.245 ± 0.0036 0.214 ± 0.0035 0.031 ± 0.0014
t value 43.05*** −4.85*** 45.59*** 55.28*** 38.16*** 21.18***
Education       
 No education 0.597 ± 0.0041 0.335 ± 0.0039 0.246 ± 0.0033 0.284 ± 0.0035 0.240 ± 0.0034 0.044 ± 0.0015
 Some education 0.824 ± 0.0092 0.329 ± 0.0107 0.483 ± 0.0109 0.612 ± 0.0110 0.503 ± 0.0111 0.110 ± 0.0062
t value −22.41*** 0.49 −20.36*** −27.82*** −22.35*** −10.24***
Wealth       
 1st quintile 0.488 ± 0.0096 0.349 ± 0.0091 0.105 ± 0.0057 0.107 ± 0.0057 0.098 ± 0.0055 0.009 ± 0.0017
 2nd quintile 0.610 ± 0.0099 0.406 ± 0.0099 0.176 ± 0.0071 0.193 ± 0.0077 0.180 ± 0.0075 0.014 ± 0.0022
 3rd quintile 0.617 ± 0.0092 0.347 ± 0.0091 0.255 ± 0.0080 0.310 ± 0.0086 0.275 ± 0.0083 0.034 ± 0.0032
 4th quintile 0.621 ± 0.0084 0.303 ± 0.0081 0.310 ± 0.0077 0.373 ± 0.0083 0.321 ± 0.0081 0.051 ± 0.0037
 5th quintile 0.777 ± 0.0066 0.270 ± 0.0068 0.512 ± 0.0075 0.615 ± 0.0074 0.469 ± 0.0076 0.146 ± 0.0051
F value 179.77*** 38.42*** 531.10*** 847.08*** 462.12*** 193.09***
Age       
 15–19 0.666 ± 0.0186 0.377 ± 0.0186 0.262 ± 0.0155 0.403 ± 0.0181 0.345 ± 0.0174 0.057 ± 0.0079
 20–24 0.655 ± 0.0082 0.342 ± 0.0083 0.302 ± 0.0073 0.360 ± 0.0078 0.308 ± 0.0076 0.052 ± 0.0033
 25–29 0.628 ± 0.0078 0.327 ± 0.0076 0.285 ± 0.0068 0.323 ± 0.0071 0.270 ± 0.0068 0.052 ± 0.0031
 30–34 0.629 ± 0.0096 0.336 ± 0.0093 0.270 ± 0.0080 0.312 ± 0.0085 0.260 ± 0.0081 0.053 ± 0.0037
 35–39 0.596 ± 0.0106 0.327 ± 0.0103 0.258 ± 0.0088 0.297 ± 0.0093 0.249 ± 0.0089 0.048 ± 0.0037
 40–44 0.566 ± 0.0150 0.327 ± 0.0142 0.223 ± 0.0114 0.255 ± 0.0122 0.205 ± 0.0113 0.050 ± 0.0054
 45–49 0.536 ± 0.0240 0.298 ± 0.0226 0.219 ± 0.0187 0.257 ± 0.0202 0.203 ± 0.0188 0.054 ± 0.0093
F value 9.01*** 1.79 8.04*** 15.04*** 15.60*** 0.33
Total 0.624 ± 0.0037 0.334 ± 0.0037 0.274 ± 0.0030 0.322 ± 0.0032 0.271 ± 0.0032 0.052 ± 0.0015
  1. Same notes as Table 2