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Table 2 Utilization of outpatient and inpatient care by household characteristics

From: An equity analysis of utilization of health services in Afghanistan using a national household survey

  Outpatient care (Mean ± Std. Err.) Inpatient care (Mean ± Std. Err.)
All Public Private All Public Private
Residency       
 Urban 0.231 ± 0.0019 0.040 ± 0.0009 0.187 ± 0.0017 0.045 ± 0.0009 0.034 ± 0.0008 0.010 ± 0.0004
 Rural 0.190 ± 0.0012 0.074 ± 0.0008 0.112 ± 0.0010 0.042 ± 0.0006 0.033 ± 0.0006 0.007 ± 0.0003
t value 17.86*** −27.35*** 36.88*** 3.01** 0.81 5.59***
Education       
 No education 0.244 ± 0.0038 0.079 ± 0.0025 0.161 ± 0.0032 0.057 ± 0.0020 0.045 ± 0.0019 0.009 ± 0.0008
 Some education 0.353 ± 0.0109 0.089 ± 0.0069 0.261 ± 0.0097 0.102 ± 0.0070 0.075 ± 0.0060 0.023 ± 0.0038
t value 9.39*** 1.36 9.69*** 5.98*** 4.75*** 3.42***
Gender       
 Male 0.234 ± 0.0016 0.080 ± 0.0011 0.150 ± 0.0013 0.067 ± 0.0009 0.053 ± 0.0008 0.011 ± 0.0004
 Female 0.161 ± 0.0014 0.054 ± 0.0009 0.104 ± 0.0011 0.017 ± 0.0005 0.013 ± 0.0004 0.003 ± 0.0002
t value 34.16*** 18.34*** 26.48*** 46.81*** 41.84*** 18.06***
Wealth       
 1st quintile 0.169 ± 0.0025 0.086 ± 0.0018 0.080 ± 0.0018 0.038 ± 0.0012 0.032 ± 0.0011 0.005 ± 0.0005
 2nd quintile 0.200 ± 0.0026 0.082 ± 0.0018 0.115 ± 0.0020 0.043 ± 0.0013 0.035 ± 0.0012 0.006 ± 0.0005
 3rd quintile 0.191 ± 0.0024 0.062 ± 0.0015 0.124 ± 0.0020 0.040 ± 0.0012 0.033 ± 0.0011 0.006 ± 0.0005
 4th quintile 0.204 ± 0.0023 0.064 ± 0.0015 0.135 ± 0.0019 0.044 ± 0.0011 0.034 ± 0.0010 0.008 ± 0.0005
 5th quintile 0.220 ± 0.0020 0.048 ± 0.0011 0.169 ± 0.0018 0.045 ± 0.0010 0.033 ± 0.0009 0.011 ± 0.0005
F value 60.16*** 176.17*** 343.56*** 6.24*** 2.43* 23.38***
Age       
 0–10 0.034 ± 0.0008 0.010 ± 0.0005 0.024 ± 0.0007 0.001 ± 0.0002 0.001 ± 0.0001 0.000 ± 0.0001
 11–20 0.075 ± 0.0013 0.024 ± 0.0008 0.050 ± 0.0011 0.005 ± 0.0004 0.004 ± 0.0003 0.001 ± 0.0002
 21–30 0.242 ± 0.0029 0.081 ± 0.0019 0.158 ± 0.0024 0.043 ± 0.0014 0.035 ± 0.0013 0.008 ± 0.0007
 31–40 0.470 ± 0.0044 0.165 ± 0.0035 0.299 ± 0.0040 0.099 ± 0.0026 0.083 ± 0.0024 0.016 ± 0.0010
 41–50 0.574 ± 0.0051 0.208 ± 0.0044 0.360 ± 0.0049 0.148 ± 0.0037 0.121 ± 0.0034 0.027 ± 0.0016
 51–60 0.520 ± 0.0062 0.181 ± 0.0050 0.335 ± 0.0058 0.137 ± 0.0042 0.111 ± 0.0039 0.026 ± 0.0019
 60+ 0.438 ± 0.0062 0.154 ± 0.0047 0.280 ± 0.0054 0.139 ± 0.0043 0.116 ± 0.0040 0.023 ± 0.0018
F value 5397.41*** 1179.11*** 2674.39*** 1028.42*** 793.35*** 155.82***
Total 0.198 ± 0.0010 0.067 ± 0.0007 0.127 ± 0.0008 0.042 ± 0.0005 0.033 ± 0.0005 0.007 ± 0.0002
  1. ∆1st quintile are the poorest households, 5th quintile are the richest households; Std. Err. Denotes standard error; * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001; All numbers are weighted by household sampling weights; Due to rounding errors and missing values, the numbers for public and private facilities do not perfectly add to the numbers for all facilities