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Table 2 Organization of the surveillance systems by various characteristics

From: Web-based infectious disease surveillance systems and public health perspectives: a systematic review

System Country (Year started) Area of Service Language Data Source Data access User Interface Format
ProMED-Mail USA (1994) Worldwide [21] 7 languages [26] News/Media Report Public None E-mail alert [37]
GPHIN Canada (1997, 2004a) Worldwide 8 languages [26] News/Media Report (Factiva and Al Bawaba) [41] Restricted/Subscription [22] Boolean and metadata query system [35] Website/e-mail alert [22]
GOARN Multipleb (2000) Worldwide English, multilingual [26] News/Media Report Restricted [26] None Network-based
MedISys EU (2004) European Union member states [42] 43 languages [26] News/Media Report [42] Restricted/Limited to EU member states [42] Text extraction [43] RSS feed/E-mail and SMS alerts [44]
Europe Media Monitor
EpiSimS USA (2005) United States English US Census data [45] Restricted Graphical user interface; simulation pre-processing [4548] XML-based format
Transformation infrastructure data
BioCaster Japan (2006) Priority to Asia-Pacific region [33] 8 languages [26] Query Public [49] Mapping interface [13] RSS feed [13]
Text mining [13]
EpiSPIDER USA (2006) North America, Europe, Australia, Asia English [26] News/Media Report Public Timeline visualization mapping and word cloud [33] RSS, JSON, KM feeds [6, 50]
Social Media
CIA [51]
Health Map USA (2006) Worldwide 5 languages [26] Query Public Mapping, faceted browsing (native) [52] RSS feed [18]
News/Media Report [52]
ProMED, WHO, Euro Surveillance [53]
Google Flu Trends United States (2008) 28 countries [54] 39 languages [54] Query [55] Public [56] Mapping features [18] RSS feed [18]
CDC [57]
GET WELL Sweden (2010) Sweden Swedish Query [24, 58] Restricted [24] Time-series graphs [24] HTML page [36]
Influenzanet Europe (2008) The Netherlands, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, the UK, France, Sweden, Spain, Ireland, Denmark, Switzerland [59] 10 languages Self-report from volunteer (online questionnaire response) [39] Public [60] None RSS feed [61]
  1. aGPHIN was first established in 1997 but a new, robust multilingual GPHIN system was developed and launched on November 17, 2004 at the United Nations [22]
  2. bGOARN is a network collaboration between the World Health Organization and the United Nations