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Table 4 Internal age-standardized mean values of metabolic risk factors for NCDs among 25–74 years old citizens in Yangon region, by sex and urban-rural location

From: Urban-rural differences in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases risk factors among 25–74 years old citizens in Yangon Region, Myanmar: a cross sectional study

  Male Female Total
Urban Rural p-value# Urban Rural p-value# Urban Rural p-value#
Mean ± SE Mean ± SE Mean ± SE Mean ± SE Mean ± SE Mean ± SE
  Mean ± SE Mean ± SE   Mean ± SE Mean ± SE   Mean ± SE Mean ± SE  
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 23.4 ± 0.37 21.9 ± 0.17 0.005* 25.8 ± 0.23 24.3 ± 0.16 <0.001* 24.5 ± 0.30 23.1 ± 0.15 0.002*
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 133.0 ± 0.94 131.3 ± 0.55 0.164 131.1 ± 1.72 128.3 ± 0.83 0.181 131.5 ± 0.95 130.0 ± 0.24 0.157
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 83.0 ± 0.84 80.8 ± 0.32 0.037* 82.2 ± 1.19 80.9 ± 0.47 0.337 82.3 ± 0.81 80.9 ± 0.26 0.112
Fasting blood glucose(mmo/L) 5.9 ± 0.10 5.4 ± 0.06 0.001* 5.9 ± 0.08 5.5 ± 0.11 0.015* 5.9 ± 0.08 5.5 ± 0.09 0.003*
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.5 ± 0.05 5.0 ± 0.09 0.002* 5.4 ± 0.05 5.4 ± 0.09 0.918 5.4 ± 0.05 5.2 ± 0.08 0.037*
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.9 ± 0.07 1.5 ± 0.07 0.002* 1.6 ± 0.04 1.4 ± 0.09 0.158 1.7 ± 0.05 1.4 ± 0.08 0.015*
High-density lipoprotein (mmol/L) 1.2 ± 0.01 1.3 ± 0.02 0.006* 1.1 ± 0.01 1.3 ± 0.01 <0.001* 1.1 ± 0.01 1.3 ± 0.01 <0.001*
  1. #p- value for differences between urban and rural values, *p-value <0.05 from Wald test