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Table 4 Mean values of screen time and determinants of screen time

From: What explains the socioeconomic status gap in activity? Educational differences in determinants of physical activity and screentime

  Vocational school
Mean (sd)
  High school
Mean (sd)
     
  Boys
(N = 201)
Girls
(N = 256)
Total (N = 457) Boys
(N = 48)
Girls
(N = 96)
Total (N = 144) School
p
School
η2
Gender
p
School x Gender interaction
p
Screen time
 Weekday 3.5 (2.2) 2.8 (1.8) 3.1 (2.0) 3.2 (1.6) 2.3 (1.6) 2.6 (1.6) .039 .007 .000 .708
 Weekend 3.7 (2.2) 3.3 (2.0) 3.5 (2.1) 3.8 (1.7) 3.4 (1.8) 3.5 (1.8) .707 .000 .040 .907
 Opportunity
  Injunctive norm 4.7 (1.7) 4.5 (1.8) 4.6 (1.7) 4.9 (1.6) 4.6 (1.8) 4.7 (1.8) .293 .002 .189 .754
  Descriptive norm 4.4 (1.4) 4.2 (1.7) 4.3 (1.6) 4.6 (1.4) 4.2 (1.7) 4.4 (1.6) .473 .001 .056 .551
  Parents restrict screen time 3.0 (1.7) 2.5 (1.8) 2.7 (1.8) 3.3 (1.7) 2.7 (1.9) 2.9 (1.8) .118 .004 .003 .649
   No screen time rules at home 4.7 (2.0) 4.9 (2.2) 4.8 (2.1) 4.6 (1.9) 4.9 (2.1) 4.8 (2.0) .888 .000 .205 .620
   TV, play console and computer in room 4.9 (2.1) 4.5 (2.3) 4.7 (2.2) 5.2 (2.1) 3.9 (2.3) 4.4 (2.3) .599 .000 .000 .044
 Motivation
  Positive OE a 4.7 (1.4) 4.7 (1.4) 4.7 (1.4) 5.3 (1.2) 4.9 (1.2) 5.1 (1.2) .003 .014 .087 .136
  Negative OE 4.3 (1.4) 4.9 (1.5) 4.6 (1.5) 4.1 (1.5) 5.0 (1.4) 4.7 (1.5) .976 .000 .000 .400
  Instrumental attitude 3.5 (1.6) 2.9 (1.6) 3.2 (1.6) 3.3 (1.4) 2.6 (1.5) 2.9 (1.5) .123 .004 .000 .820
  Affective attitude 4.0 (1.3) 3.4 (1.3) 3.7 (1.3) 4.0 (1.4) 3.3 (1.5) 3.6 (1.5) .964 .000 .000 .908
  Intention 4.5 (1.9) 3.9 (2.0) 4.1 (1.9) 4.6 (1.9) 4.0 (2.2) 4.2 (2.1) .523 .001 .003 .954
  ST identity 4.3 (1.3) 4.2 (1.3) 4.2 (1.3) 4.6 (1.1) 4.3 (1.6) 4.4 (1.5) .103 .004 .150 .369
  SE & PBC 5.4 (1.6) 5.6 (1.6) 5.5 (1.6) 5.8 (1.5) 5.7 (1.7) 5.8 (1.6) .122 .004 .766 .479
  Automaticity 4.1 (1.5) 4.4 (1.7) 4.2 (1.6) 4.7 (1.2) 4.3 (1.9) 4.4 (1.7) .081 .005 .696 .028
  1. aOE = outcome expectancy, ST = screen time, SE = self-efficacy, PBC = perceived behavioural control