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Table 3 Adjusted association between depressive symptoms and its determinants based on logistic regression

From: Decomposing socioeconomic inequalities in depressive symptoms among the elderly in China

Variable Odds Ratio Std. Err. z P > z 95% Confidence interval
Low High
Age
 60–64 Ref      
 65–74 0.85 0.059 −2.29 0.022 0.747 0.977
 ≥ 75 0.70 0.070 −3.58 <0.001 0.575 0.851
Sex
 Men Ref      
 Women 1.82 0.164 6.64 <0.001 1.524 2.168
Living arrangement
 Living alone 1.41 0.153 3.13 0.002 1.136 1.740
 Living with their spouse 0.96 0.065 −0.54 0.588 0.846 1.100
 Other arrangement Ref      
Income 0.91 0.033 −2.73 0.006 0.844 0.973
Education
 Illiterate 1.32 0.182 2.02 0.044 1.008 1.729
 Capable of reading or writing 1.41 0.193 2.51 0.012 1.078 1.843
 Elementary school 1.11 0.148 0.77 0.439 0.853 1.441
 Middle school and above Ref      
Working status
 Yes 0.86 0.059 −2.18 0.029 0.752 0.985
 No Ref      
Location
 Urban-eastern Ref      
 Rural-eastern 1.52 0.181 3.51 <0.001 1.202 1.918
 Urban-central 1.38 0.180 2.45 0.014 1.066 1.779
 Rural-central 1.78 0.211 4.9 <0.001 1.416 2.250
 Urban-west 1.58 0.206 3.51 <0.001 1.224 2.041
 Rural-west 2.87 0.333 9.06 <0.001 2.282 3.598
Social activity 0.86 0.035 −3.82 <0.001 0.791 0.927
Smoking
 Yes 1.17 0.101 1.84 0.065 0.990 1.387
 No Ref      
Physical disabilities
 Yes 1.65 0.195 4.25 <0.001 1.311 2.084
 No Ref      
Brain damage
 Yes 1.83 0.254 4.34 <0.001 1.393 2.401
 No Ref      
Vision problems
 Yes 1.42 0.130 3.83 <0.001 1.187 1.698
 No Ref      
Hearing problems
 Yes 1.11 0.092 1.28 0.202 0.945 1.307
 No Ref      
 _cons 1.80 0.695 1.53 0.125 0.848 3.839