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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents

From: Decomposing socioeconomic inequalities in depressive symptoms among the elderly in China

Characteristics All (N = 6522)
Age, years
 mean (SD) 67.57 ± 6.311
Sex
 Men, n (%) 3403 (52.18)
 Women, n (%) 3119 (47.82)
Living arrangement
 Living alone, n (%) 599 (9.18)
 Living with their spouse, n (%) 2702 (41.43)
 Other arrangement, n (%) 3221 (49.39)
Income, RMB yuan
 mean (SD) 8306.09 ± 12553.39
Education
 Illiterate, n (%) 2079 (31.87)
 Capable of reading or writing, n (%) 1368 (20.97)
 Elementary school, n (%) 1646 (25.24)
 Middle school and above, n (%) 1429 (21.91)
Working status
 Yes, n (%) 3565 (54.66)
 No, n (%) 2957 (45.34)
Residential location
 Eastern China, n (%) 2184 (33.49)
 Central China, n (%) 2182 (33.46)
 Western China, n (%) 2156 (33.06)
Residential areas
 Urban, n (%) 2583 (39.60)
 Rural, n (%) 3939 (60.4)
Social activity
 mean (SD) 0.74 ± 0.863
Smoking
 Yes, n (%) 3042 (46.64)
 No, n (%) 3480 (53.36)
Physical disabilities
 Yes, n (%) 6093 (93.42)
 No, n (%) 429 (6.58)
Brain damage
 Yes, n (%) 6198 (95.03)
 No, n (%) 324 (4.97)
Vision problems
 Yes, n (%) 5742 (88.04)
 No, n (%) 780 (11.96)
Hearing problems
 Yes, n (%) 5439 (83.39)
 No, n (%) 1083 (16.61)
  1. Note: SD standard deviation